The Sacred BibleThe Book of Joshua
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[Iosue 1]
[Joshua 1]

{1:1} Et factum est post mortem Moysi servi Domini, ut loqueretur Dominus ad Iosue filium Nun, ministrum Moysi, et diceret ei:
{1:1} And after the death of Moses, the servant of the Lord, it happened that the Lord spoke to Joshua, the son of Nun, the minister of Moses, and he said to him:

{1:2} Moyses servus meus mortuus est: Surge, et transi Iordanem istum tu et omnis populus tecum, in Terram, quam ego dabo filiis Israel.
{1:2} “Moses, my servant, has died. Rise up, and cross this Jordan, you and all the people with you, into the land which I will give to the sons of Israel.

{1:3} Omnem locum, quem calcaverit vestigium pedis vestri, vobis tradam, sicut locutus sum Moysi.
{1:3} I will deliver to you every place that the step of your foot will tread upon, just as I said to Moses.

{1:4} A deserto et Libano usque ad fluvium magnum Euphraten, omnis terra Hethæorum usque ad mare magnum contra solis occasum erit terminus vester.
{1:4} From the desert and from Lebanon, even to the great river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, as far as the great sea opposite the setting of the sun, shall be your border.

{1:5} Nullus poterit vobis resistere cunctis diebus vitæ tuæ: sicut fui cum Moyse, ita ero tecum: non dimittam, nec derelinquam te.
{1:5} No one will be able to resist you during all the days of your life. Just as I was with Moses, so will I be with you. I will not leave you, nor will I forsake you.

{1:6} Confortare, et esto robustus: tu enim sorte divides populo huic Terram, pro qua iuravi patribus suis, ut traderem eam illis.
{1:6} Be strengthened and be steadfast. For you shall divide by lot, to this people, the land about which I swore to their fathers that I would deliver it to them.

{1:7} Confortare igitur, et esto robustus valde: ut custodias, et facias omnem legem, quam præcepit tibi Moyses servus meus: ne declines ab ea ad dexteram vel ad sinistram, ut intelligas cuncta quæ agis.
{1:7} Therefore, be strengthened and be very steadfast, so that you may observe and accomplish the entire law, which Moses, my servant, instructed to you. You may not turn aside from it to the right, nor to the left. So may you understand all that you should do.

{1:8} Non recedat volumen legis huius ab ore tuo: sed meditaberis in eo diebus ac noctibus, ut custodias et facias omnia quæ scripta sunt in eo: tunc diriges viam tuam, et intelliges eam.
{1:8} The book of this law shall not depart from your mouth. Instead, you shall meditate upon it, day and night, so that you may observe and do all the things that are written in it. Then you shall direct your way and understand it.

{1:9} Ecce præcipio tibi, confortare, et esto robustus. Noli metuere, et noli timere: quoniam tecum est Dominus Deus tuus in omnibus ad quæcumque perrexeris.
{1:9} Behold, I am instructing you. Be strengthened, and be steadfast. Do not dread, and do not fear. For the Lord your God is with you in all things, wherever you may go.”

{1:10} Præcepitque Iosue principibus populi, dicens: Transite per medium castrorum, et imperate populo, ac dicite:
{1:10} And Joshua instructed the leaders of the people, saying: “Cross through the midst of the camp, and command the people, and say:

{1:11} Præparate vobis cibaria: quoniam post diem tertium transibitis Iordanem, et intrabitis ad possidendam Terram, quam Dominus Deus vester daturus est vobis.
{1:11} ‘Prepare your food supplies. For after the third day, you shall cross the Jordan, and you shall enter so as to possess the land, which the Lord your God will give to you.’ ”

{1:12} Rubenitis quoque et Gaditis, et dimidiæ tribui Manasse ait:
{1:12} Likewise, he said to the Reubenites and to the Gadites, and to the one half tribe of Manasseh:

{1:13} Mementote sermonis, quem præcepit vobis Moyses famulus Domini, dicens: Dominus Deus vester dedit vobis requiem, et omnem Terram.
{1:13} “Remember the words, which Moses, the servant of the Lord, instructed to you, saying: ‘The Lord your God has given you rest, and has given you all the land.’

{1:14} Uxores vestræ, et filii, ac iumenta manebunt in Terra, quam tradidit vobis Moyses trans Iordanem: vos autem transite armati ante fratres vestros, omnes fortes manu, et pugnate pro eis,
{1:14} Your wives and sons, as well as the cattle, shall remain in the land which Moses delivered to you beyond the Jordan. But as for you, pass over with weapons, before your brothers, all you who are strong of hand, and fight on their behalf,

{1:15} donec det Dominus requiem fratribus vestris sicut et vobis dedit, et possideant ipsi quoque Terram, quam Dominus Deus vester daturus est eis: et sic revertimini in Terram possessionis vestræ, et habitabitis in ea, quam vobis dedit Moyses famulus Domini trans Iordanem contra solis ortum.
{1:15} until the Lord gives rest to your brothers, just as he has given to you, and until they also possess the land, which the Lord your God will give to them. And so shall you be returned to the land of your possession. And you shall live in the land, which Moses, the servant of the Lord, gave to you beyond the Jordan, opposite the rising of the sun.”

{1:16} Responderuntque ad Iosue, atque dixerunt: Omnia, quæ præcepisti nobis, faciemus: et quocumque miseris, ibimus.
{1:16} And they responded to Joshua, and they said: “All that you have instructed to us, we shall do. And wherever you will send us, we shall go.

{1:17} Sicut obedivimus in cunctis Moysi, ita obediemus et tibi: tantum sit Dominus Deus tuus tecum, sicut fuit cum Moyse.
{1:17} Just as we obeyed Moses in all things, so shall we obey you also. But may the Lord your God be with you, just as he was with Moses.

{1:18} Qui contradixerit ori tuo, et non obedierit cunctis sermonibus, quos præceperis ei, moriatur. Tu tantum confortare, et viriliter age.
{1:18} Whoever will contradict your mouth, and whoever will not obey all of your words, which you will instruct to him, let him die. But may you be strengthened, and may you act manfully.”

[Iosue 2]
[Joshua 2]

{2:1} Misit igitur Iosue filius Nun de Setim duos viros exploratores in abscondito: et dixit eis: Ite, et considerate Terram, urbemque Iericho. Qui pergentes ingressi sunt domum mulieris meretricis, nomine Rahab, et quieverunt apud eam.
{2:1} And so Joshua, the son of Nun, sent two men from Shittim to explore in secret. And he said to them, “Go and consider the land and the city of Jericho.” And while traveling, they entered into the house of a harlot woman named Rahab, and they rested with her.

{2:2} Nunciatumque est regi Iericho, et dictum: Ecce viri ingressi sunt huc per noctem de filiis Israel, ut explorarent Terram.
{2:2} And it was reported to the king of Jericho, and it was said: “Behold, men have entered to this place in the night, from the sons of Israel, so that they might explore the land.”

{2:3} Misitque rex Iericho ad Rahab dicens: Educ viros, qui venerunt ad te, et ingressi sunt domum tuam: exploratores quippe sunt, et omnem Terram considerare venerunt.
{2:3} And the king of Jericho sent to Rahab, saying: “Bring out the men who came to you, and who entered into your house. For certainly they are spies, and they have arrived to consider the entire land.”

{2:4} Tollensque mulier viros, abscondit, et ait: Fateor, venerunt ad me, sed nesciebam unde essent:
{2:4} And the woman, taking the men, hid them. And she said: “I admit that they came to me, but I did not know where they were from.

{2:5} cumque porta clauderetur in tenebris, et illi pariter exierunt, nescio quo abierunt: persequimini cito, et comprehendetis eos.
{2:5} And when the gate was closed, they went out together in the darkness. I do not know where they have gone. Pursue them quickly, and you will overtake them.”

~ Rahab lied, and this was a sin; for lying is intrinsically evil, always immoral, and never justifiable. But it was not a mortal sin, and the virtuous act of risking her life for the sake of those men won her a reward with the Lord.

{2:6} Ipsa autem fecit ascendere viros in solarium domus suæ, operuitque eos stipula lini, quæ ibi erat.
{2:6} But she caused the men to ascend to the roof of her house, and she covered them with the stalks of flax that were there.

{2:7} Hi autem, qui missi fuerant, secuti sunt eos per viam, quæ ducit ad vadum Iordanis: illisque egressis statim porta clausa est.
{2:7} But those who had been sent pursued after them along the way that leads to the ford of the Jordan. And as soon as they went out, the gate was closed.

{2:8} Necdum obdormierant qui latebant, et ecce mulier ascendit ad eos, et ait:
{2:8} Those who were hiding had not yet fallen asleep, and behold, the woman went up to them, and she said:

{2:9} Novi quod Dominus tradiderit vobis Terram: etenim irruit in nos terror vester, et elanguerunt omnes habitatores Terræ.
{2:9} “I know that the Lord has given this land to you. For the terror of you has fallen upon us, and all the inhabitants of the land have languished.

{2:10} Audivimus quod siccaverit Dominus aquas Maris Rubri ad vestrum introitum, quando egressi estis ex Ægypto: et quæ feceritis duobus Amorrhæorum regibus, qui erant trans Iordanem: Sehon et Og, quos interfecistis.
{2:10} We have heard that the Lord dried up the water of the Red Sea upon your arrival, when you were departing from Egypt, and we heard of the things that you did to the two kings of the Amorites, who were beyond the Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom you put to death.

{2:11} Et hæc audientes pertimuimus, et elanguit cor nostrum, nec remansit in nobis spiritus ad introitum vestrum: Dominus enim Deus vester ipse est Deus in cælo sursum, et in terra deorsum.
{2:11} And upon hearing these things, we were very afraid, and our heart languished. Neither did there remain in us any spirit at your arrival. For the Lord your God is the very God in heaven above and on earth below.

{2:12} Nunc ergo iurate mihi per Dominum, ut quomodo ego misericordiam feci vobiscum, ita et vos faciatis cum domo patris mei: detisque mihi verum signum,
{2:12} Now, therefore, swear to me by the Lord that in the same way that I have acted with mercy toward you, so also shall you act toward the house of my father. And may you give me a true sign

{2:13} ut salvetis patrem meum et matrem, et fratres ac sorores meas, et omnia quæ illorum sunt, et eruatis animas nostras a morte.
{2:13} that you will save my father and mother, my brothers and sisters, and all that is theirs, and that you may rescue our souls from death.”

{2:14} Qui responderunt ei: Anima nostra sit pro vobis in mortem, si tamen non prodideris nos. Cumque tradiderit nobis Dominus terram, faciemus in te misericordiam et veritatem.
{2:14} They responded to her: “May our lives be yours unto death, if only you do not betray us. And when the Lord will have delivered the land to us, we will act toward you with mercy and truth.”

{2:15} Demisit ergo eos per funem de fenestra: domus enim eius hærebat muro.
{2:15} Therefore, she sent them down from a window with a rope. For her house was joined to the wall.

{2:16} Dixitque ad eos: Ad montana conscendite, ne forte occurrant vobis revertentes: ibique latitate tribus diebus, donec redeant, et sic ibitis per viam vestram.
{2:16} And she said to them: “Climb up to the mountains; otherwise, they may meet you as they are returning. And lay hidden there for three days, until they return. And then you will go on your way.”

{2:17} Qui dixerunt ad eam: Innoxii erimus a iuramento hoc, quo adiurasti nos:
{2:17} And they said to her: “We shall be innocent of this oath, to which you have sworn us,

{2:18} si ingredientibus nobis Terram, signum fuerit funiculus iste coccineus, et ligaveris eum in fenestra, per quam demisisti nos: et patrem tuum ac matrem, fratresque et omnem cognationem tuam congregaveris in domum tuam.
{2:18} if, when we enter into the land, this scarlet cord has been placed as a sign, and you have tied it at the window by which you let us down. And so, gather your father, and mother, and brothers, and all your family into your house.

{2:19} Qui ostium domus tuæ egressus fuerit, sanguis ipsius erit in caput eius, et nos erimus alieni. Cunctorum autem sanguis, qui tecum in domo fuerint, redundabit in caput nostrum, si eos aliquis tetigerit.
{2:19} Whoever will have exited from the door of your house, his blood will be on his own head, and we will be uninvolved. But the blood of all who will be with you in the house shall fall back upon our own head, if anyone touches them.

{2:20} Quod si nos prodere volueris, et sermonem istum proferre in medium, erimus mundi ab hoc iuramento, quo adiurasti nos.
{2:20} But if you will have betrayed us, so that you spread this word in their midst, we will be free from this oath, to which you have sworn us.”

{2:21} Et illa respondit: Sicut locuti estis, ita fiat. Dimittensque eos ut pergerent, appendit funiculum coccineum in fenestra.
{2:21} And she responded, “Just as you have spoken, so let it be done.” And sending them to travel on, she hung the scarlet cord at the window.

{2:22} Illi vero ambulantes pervenerunt ad montana, et manserunt ibi tres dies, donec reverterentur qui fuerant persecuti: quærentes enim per omnem viam, non repererunt eos.
{2:22} And truly, walking on, they arrived at the mountains, and they stayed there for three days, until those who had been pursuing them returned. For having sought them along the entire way, they did not find them.

{2:23} Quibus urbem ingressis, reversi sunt, et descenderunt exploratores de monte: et, transmisso Iordane, venerunt ad Iosue filium Nun, narraveruntque ei omnia quæ acciderant sibi,
{2:23} And when they returned and entered the city, the explorers descended from the mountain. And crossing the Jordan, they went to Joshua, the son of Nun, and they reported to him all that had happened to them.

{2:24} atque dixerunt: Tradidit Dominus omnem terram hanc in manus nostras, et timore prostrati sunt cuncti habitatores eius.
{2:24} And they said, “The Lord has delivered this entire land into our hands, and all its inhabitants have been struck down by fear.”

[Iosue 3]
[Joshua 3]

{3:1} Igitur Iosue de nocte consurgens movit castra: egredientesque de Setim, venerunt ad Iordanem ipse, et omnes filii Israel, et morati sunt ibi tres dies.
{3:1} And so, Joshua arose in the night, and he moved the camp. And they departed from Shittim, and they went to the Jordan: he, and all the sons of Israel, and they remained there for three days.

{3:2} Quibus evolutis, transierunt præcones per castrorum medium,
{3:2} After these things unfolded, announcers passed through the midst of the camp,

{3:3} et clamare cœperunt: Quando videritis arcam fœderis Domini Dei vestri, et sacerdotes stirpis Leviticæ portantes eam, vos quoque consurgite, et sequimini præcedentes:
{3:3} and they began to proclaim: “When you will see the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, and the priests of the stock of Levi carrying it, you also shall rise up and follow those who are going before you.

{3:4} sitque inter vos et arcam spatium cubitorum duum millium: ut procul videre possitis, et nosse per quam viam ingrediamini: quia prius non ambulastis per eam: et cavete ne appropinquetis ad arcam.
{3:4} And let there be, between you and the ark, the space of two thousand cubits, so that you may be able to see it from far away, and to know along which way you should advance. For you have not walked this way before. And be careful that you do not approach the ark.”

{3:5} Dixitque Iosue ad populum: Sanctificamini: cras enim faciet Dominus inter vos mirabilia.
{3:5} And Joshua said to the people: “Be sanctified. For tomorrow the Lord will accomplish miracles among you.”

{3:6} Et ait ad sacerdotes: Tollite arcam fœderis, et præcedite populum. Qui iussa complentes, tulerunt, et ambulaverunt ante eos.
{3:6} And he said to the priests: “Take up the ark of the covenant, and go before the people.” And they fulfilled the orders, and they took it and walked before them.

{3:7} Dixitque Dominus ad Iosue: Hodie incipiam exaltare te coram omni Israel: ut sciant quod sicut cum Moyse fui, ita et tecum sim.
{3:7} And the Lord said to Joshua: “Today I will begin to exalt you in the sight of all Israel, so that they may know that, just as I was with Moses, so also am I with you.

{3:8} Tu autem præcipe sacerdotibus, qui portant arcam fœderis, et dic eis: Cum ingressi fueritis partem aquæ Iordanis, state in ea.
{3:8} Now instruct the priests, who are carrying the ark of the covenant, and say to them, ‘When you will have entered into a part of the water of the Jordan, stand still in it.’ ”

{3:9} Dixitque Iosue ad filios Israel: Accedite huc, et audite verbum Domini Dei vestri.
{3:9} And Joshua said to the sons of Israel, “Approach to here, and listen to the word of the Lord your God.”

{3:10} Et rursum: In hoc, inquit, scietis quod Dominus Deus vivens in medio vestri est, et disperdet in conspectu vestro Chananæum et Hethæum, Hevæum et Pherezæum, Gergesæum quoque et Iebusæum, et Amorrhæum.
{3:10} And again, he said: “By this shall you know that the Lord, the living God, is in your midst, and that he shall scatter in your sight, the Canaanite and the Hittite, the Hivite and the Perizzite, likewise the Girgashite, and the Jebusite, and the Amorite.

~ These are the seven tribes whom God preordained and ordered to be destroyed by the Israelites. They were destroyed because of their many serious sins, and their false worship of pagan gods.

{3:11} Ecce, arca fœderis Domini omnis terræ antecedet vos per Iordanem.
{3:11} Behold, the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth shall go before you through the Jordan.

{3:12} Parate duodecim viros de tribubus Israel, singulos per singulas tribus.
{3:12} Prepare twelve men from the tribes of Israel, one from each tribe.

{3:13} Et cum posuerint vestigia pedum suorum sacerdotes qui portant arcam Domini Dei universæ terræ in aquis Iordanis, aquæ, quæ inferiores sunt, decurrent atque deficient: quæ autem desuper veniunt, in una mole consistent.
{3:13} And when the priests who are carrying the ark of the Lord, the God of the entire earth, will have placed the steps of their feet in the waters of the Jordan, the waters that are lower will run down and pass away, and those that are approaching above will stand together in a mass.”

{3:14} Igitur egressus est populus de tabernaculis suis, ut transiret Iordanem: et sacerdotes, qui portabant arcam fœderis, pergebant ante eum.
{3:14} And the people departed from their tents, so that they might cross the Jordan. And the priests who were carrying the ark of the covenant were advancing before them.

{3:15} Ingressisque eis Iordanem, et pedibus eorum in parte aquæ tinctis (Iordanis autem ripas alvei sui tempore messis impleverat)
{3:15} And as soon as they entered into the Jordan, and their feet were dipped in a portion of the water, (now the Jordan, since it was the time of the harvest, had filled the banks of its channel,)

{3:16} steterunt aquæ descendentes in loco uno, et ad instar montis intumescentes apparebant procul ab urbe, quæ vocatur Adom usque ad locum Sarthan: quæ autem inferiores erant, in Mare Solitudinis (quod nunc vocatur Mortuum) descenderunt, usquequo omnino deficerent.
{3:16} the descending waters stood still in one place, and, swelling up like a mountain, they were seen from far away, from the city that is called Adam, even as far as the place of Zarethan. But those that were lower ran down into the Sea of the Wilderness, (which is now called the Dead Sea,) until they entirely passed away.

{3:17} Populus autem incedebat contra Iericho: et sacerdotes qui portabant arcam fœderis Domini, stabant super siccam humum in medio Iordanis accincti, omnisque populus per arentem alveum transibat.
{3:17} Then the people advanced opposite Jericho. And the priests who were carrying the ark of the covenant of the Lord were standing, fully-dressed, upon dry soil in the midst of the Jordan, and all the people passed over, through the channel that was dried up.

~ The word ‘accincti’ means girded or wrapped, referring to someone who is fully-dressed, or well-equipped. In this context, the word points out that the men did not need to change their manner of dress in order to cross the Jordan, since a dry path was made by a miracle of God.

[Iosue 4]
[Joshua 4]

{4:1} Quibus transgressis, dixit Dominus ad Iosue:
{4:1} And when they had crossed over, the Lord said to Joshua:

{4:2} Elige duodecim viros singulos per singulas tribus:
{4:2} “Choose twelve men, one from each tribe,

{4:3} et præcipe eis ut tollant de medio Iordanis alveo, ubi steterunt pedes sacerdotum, duodecim durissimos lapides, quos ponetis in loco castrorum, ubi fixeritis hac nocte tentoria.
{4:3} and instruct them so that they may take from the midst of the channel of the Jordan, where the feet of the priests stood still, twelve very hard stones, which you shall station in the place of the camp, where you will pitch your tents this night.”

{4:4} Vocavitque Iosue duodecim viros, quos elegerat de filiis Israel, singulos de singulis tribubus,
{4:4} And Joshua called twelve men, whom he had chosen from the sons of Israel, one from each tribe,

{4:5} et ait ad eos: Ite ante arcam Domini Dei vestri ad Iordanis medium, et portate inde singuli singulos lapides in humeris vestris, iuxta numerum filiorum Israel,
{4:5} and he said to them: “Go before the ark of the Lord your God into the middle of the Jordan, and let each one carry from there one stone on your shoulders, according to the number of the sons of Israel,

{4:6} ut sit signum inter vos: et quando interrogaverint vos filii vestri cras, dicentes: Quid sibi volunt isti lapides?
{4:6} so that it may be a sign among you. And when your sons will ask you, tomorrow, saying, ‘What do these stones mean to you?’

{4:7} Respondebitis eis: Defecerunt aquæ Iordanis ante arcam fœderis Domini, cum transiret eum: idcirco positi sunt lapides isti in monimentum filiorum Israel usque in æternum.
{4:7} you shall respond to them: ‘The waters of the Jordan failed before the ark of the covenant of the Lord, when the ark crossed over it. For this reason, these stones were placed as a monument for the sons of Israel, even forever.’ ”

{4:8} Fecerunt ergo filii Israel sicut præcepit eis Iosue, portantes de medio Iordanis alveo duodecim lapides, ut Dominus ei imperarat, iuxta numerum filiorum Israel, usque ad locum, in quo castrametati sunt, ibique posuerunt eos.
{4:8} Therefore, the sons of Israel did as Joshua instructed them, carrying twelve stones from the midst of the channel of the Jordan, just as the Lord had ordered him, according to the number of the sons of Israel, as far as the place where they made camp, and there they stationed them.

{4:9} Alios quoque duodecim lapides posuit Iosue in medio Iordanis alveo, ubi steterunt sacerdotes, qui portabant arcam fœderis: et sunt ibi usque in præsentem diem.
{4:9} Similarly, Joshua positioned another twelve stones in the middle of the channel of the Jordan, where the priests stood who were carrying the ark of the covenant; and they are there, even to the present day.

{4:10} Sacerdotes autem, qui portabant arcam, stabant in Iordanis medio, donec omnia complerentur, quæ Iosue, ut loqueretur ad populum, præceperat Dominus, et dixerat ei Moyses. Festinavitque populus, et transiit.
{4:10} Now the priests who were carrying the ark stood in the midst of the Jordan, until everything was accomplished which the Lord had instructed Joshua to speak to the people and which Moses had said to him. And the people hurried, and they passed over.

{4:11} Cumque transissent omnes, transivit et arca Domini, sacerdotesque pergebant ante populum.
{4:11} And when they had all crossed, the ark of the Lord also crossed, and the priests advanced before the people.

{4:12} Filii quoque Ruben, et Gad, et dimidia tribus Manasse, armati præcedebant filios Israel, sicut eis præceperat Moyses:
{4:12} Likewise, the sons of Reuben, and of Gad, and of the one half tribe of Manasseh advanced with weapons before the sons of Israel, just as Moses had instructed them.

{4:13} et quadraginta pugnatorum millia per turmas, et cuneos, incedebant per plana atque campestria urbis Iericho.
{4:13} And forty thousand fighters, by companies and divisions, advanced through the plains and fields of the city of Jericho.

{4:14} In die illo magnificavit Dominus Iosue coram omni Israel, ut timerent eum, sicut timuerant Moysen, dum adviveret.
{4:14} In that day, the Lord magnified Joshua in the sight of all Israel, so that they would fear him, just as they had feared Moses while he lived.

{4:15} Dixitque ad eum:
{4:15} And he said to him,

{4:16} Præcipe sacerdotibus, qui portant arcam fœderis, ut ascendant de Iordane.
{4:16} “Command the priests who are carrying the ark of the covenant to ascend from the Jordan.”

{4:17} Qui præcepit eis, dicens: Ascendite de Iordane.
{4:17} And he commanded them, saying, “Ascend from the Jordan.”

{4:18} Cumque ascendissent portantes arcam fœderis Domini, et siccam humum calcare cœpissent, reversæ sunt aquæ in alveum suum, et fluebant sicut ante consueverant.
{4:18} And when those who were carrying the ark of the covenant of the Lord had ascended, and they began to step on dry soil, the waters returned to their channel, and they flowed as they usually did before.

{4:19} Populus autem ascendit de Iordane, decimo die mensis primi, et castrametati sunt in Galgalis contra Orientalem plagam urbis Iericho.
{4:19} Now the people ascended from the Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and they encamped at Gilgal, opposite the eastern portion of the city of Jericho.

{4:20} Duodecim quoque lapides, quos de Iordanis alveo sumpserant, posuit Iosue in Galgalis,
{4:20} Likewise, the twelve stones that they had taken up from the channel of the Jordan, Joshua stationed at Gilgal.

{4:21} et dixit ad filios Israel: Quando interrogaverint filii vestri cras patres suos, et dixerint eis: Quid sibi volunt lapides isti?
{4:21} And he said to the sons of Israel: “When your sons will question their fathers, tomorrow, and they will say to them, ‘What do these stones mean to you?’

{4:22} Docebitis eos, atque dicetis: Per arentem alveum transivit Israel Iordanem istum,
{4:22} you shall teach them, and you shall say: ‘Israel passed over this Jordan, through the dry channel.’

{4:23} siccante Domino Deo vestro aquas eius in conspectu vestro, donec transiretis:
{4:23} For the Lord your God dried up its waters in your sight, until you crossed over,

{4:24} sicut fecerat prius in Mari Rubro, quod siccavit donec transiremus:
{4:24} just as he had done before, at the Red Sea, which he dried up until we crossed over.

{4:25} ut discant omnes terrarum populi fortissimam Domini manum, ut et vos timeatis Dominum Deum vestrum omni tempore.
{4:25} So may all the peoples of the earth learn of the very powerful hand of the Lord. So may you also fear the Lord your God for all time.”

[Iosue 5]
[Joshua 5]

{5:1} Postquam ergo audierunt omnes reges Amorrhæorum, qui habitabant trans Iordanem ad Occidentalem plagam, et cuncti reges Chanaan, qui propinqua possidebant magni maris loca, quod siccasset Dominus fluenta Iordanis coram filiis Israel donec transirent, dissolutum est cor eorum, et non remansit in eis spiritus, timentium introitum filiorum Israel.
{5:1} Therefore, after all the kings of the Amorites, who were living across the Jordan toward the western region, and all the kings of Canaan, who possessed the places beside the great sea, had heard that the Lord had dried up the waters of the Jordan before the sons of Israel, until they crossed over it, their heart was broken, and there remained in them no spirit, out of fear at the entrance of the sons of Israel.

{5:2} Eo tempore ait Dominus ad Iosue: Fac tibi cultros lapideos, et circumcide secundo filios Israel.
{5:2} So at that time, the Lord said to Joshua: “Make for yourself knives of stone, and circumcise the sons of Israel a second time.”

{5:3} Fecit quod iusserat Dominus, et circumcidit filios Israel in colle præputiorum.
{5:3} He did what the Lord had commanded, and he circumcised the sons of Israel at the hill of the foreskins.

{5:4} Hæc autem causa est secundæ circumcisionis: Omnis populus, qui egressus est de Ægypto generis masculini, universi bellatores viri, mortui sunt in deserto per longissimos viæ circuitus,
{5:4} Now this is the reason for the second circumcision: All the people who departed from Egypt of the male gender, all the men fit for war, died in the desert during the very long wandering way;

{5:5} qui omnes circumcisi erant. Populus autem qui natus est in deserto,
{5:5} all these had been circumcised. But the people who were born in the desert,

{5:6} per quadraginta annos itineris latissimæ solitudinis incircumcisus fuit: donec consumerentur qui non audierant vocem Domini, et quibus ante iuraverat ut non ostenderet eis terram lacte et melle manantem.
{5:6} throughout the forty years of the journey in the very broad wilderness, were uncircumcised, until the ones who had not listened to the voice of the Lord were consumed. For he had sworn to them before, that he would not reveal to them the land flowing with milk and honey.

{5:7} Horum filii in locum successerunt patrum, et circumcisi sunt a Iosue: quia sicut nati fuerant, in præputio erant, nec eos in via aliquis circumciderat.
{5:7} The sons of these ones succeeded to the place of their fathers, and they were circumcised by Joshua. For they were uncircumcised, just as they had been born, and no one had circumcised them along the way.

{5:8} Postquam autem omnes circumcisi sunt, manserunt in eodem castrorum loco, donec sanarentur.
{5:8} Then, after they were all circumcised, they remained in the same place of the camp until they were healed.

{5:9} Dixitque Dominus ad Iosue: Hodie abstuli opprobrium Ægypti a vobis. Vocatumque est nomen loci illius Galgala, usque in præsentem diem.
{5:9} And the Lord said to Joshua, “Today I have taken away from you the disgrace of Egypt.” And the name of that place was called Gilgal, even to the present day.

{5:10} Manseruntque filii Israel in Galgalis, et fecerunt Phase, quartadecima die mensis ad vesperum in campestribus Iericho:
{5:10} And the sons of Israel stayed at Gilgal, and they kept the Passover, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, in the plains of Jericho.

{5:11} et comederunt de frugibus Terræ die altero, azymos panes, et polentam eiusdem anni.
{5:11} And on the following day, they ate unleavened bread from the grain of the land, and cooked grain, of the same year.

~ The ‘polentam’ is grain cooked and eaten as grain, i.e. not ground into flour and made into bread. The text says that it was grain of the same year, meaning that this was grain harvested that sacred calendar year (the first month of which is called Nisan, in the springtime). The Passover celebration includes an offering to God of the first cut grain from the grain fields. The grain cannot be eaten until after it is offered to God.

{5:12} Defecitque manna postquam comederunt de frugibus Terræ, nec usi sunt ultra cibo illo filii Israel, sed comederunt de frugibus præsentis anni Terræ Chanaan.
{5:12} And the manna ceased after they ate from the grain of the land. And the sons of Israel no longer made use of that food. Instead, they ate from the grain of the present year, from the land of Canaan.

{5:13} Cum autem esset Iosue in agro urbis Iericho, levavit oculos, et vidit virum stantem contra se, evaginatum tenentem gladium, perrexitque ad eum, et ait: Noster es, an adversariorum?
{5:13} And when Joshua was in the field of the city of Jericho, he lifted up his eyes, and he saw a man standing opposite him, holding a drawn sword. And he went to him and said, “Are you one of ours, or one of our adversaries?”

{5:14} Qui respondit: Nequaquam: sed sum princeps exercitus Domini, et nunc venio.
{5:14} And he responded: “Not at all. Instead, I am a prince of the host of the Lord, and now I have arrived.”

{5:15} Cecidit Iosue pronus in terram. Et adorans ait: Quid dominus meus loquitur ad servum suum?
{5:15} Joshua fell prone on the ground. And reverencing, he said, “What does my lord say to his servant?”

{5:16} Solve, inquit, calceamentum tuum de pedibus tuis: locus enim, in quo stas, sanctus est. Fecitque Iosue ut sibi fuerat imperatum.
{5:16} He said: “Remove your shoes from your feet. For the place on which you stand is holy.” And Joshua did just as he had been commanded.

[Iosue 6]
[Joshua 6]

{6:1} Iericho autem clausa erat atque munita, timore filiorum Israel, et nullus egredi audebat aut ingredi.
{6:1} Now Jericho was closed as well as fortified, out of fear of the sons of Israel, and no one dared to depart or to enter.

{6:2} Dixitque Dominus ad Iosue: Ecce dedi in manu tua Iericho, et regem eius, omnesque fortes viros.
{6:2} And the Lord said to Joshua: “Behold, I have given Jericho into your hand, with its king and all the strong men.

{6:3} Circuite urbem cuncti bellatores semel per diem: sic facietis sex diebus.
{6:3} Have all the warriors circle the city once each day; you shall do so for six days.

{6:4} Septimo autem die sacerdotes tollant septem buccinas, quarum usus est in iubilæo, et præcedant arcam fœderis: septiesque circuibitis civitatem, et sacerdotes clangent buccinis.
{6:4} Then, on the seventh day, the priests shall take the seven trumpets, which are used on the jubilee, and they shall precede the ark of the covenant. And you shall circle the city seven times, and the priests shall sound the trumpets.

{6:5} Cumque insonuerit vox tubæ longior atque concisior, et in auribus vestris increpuerit, conclamabit omnis populus vociferatione maxima, et muri funditus corruent civitatis, ingredienturque singuli per locum contra quem steterint.
{6:5} And when the voice of the trumpet sounds longer and with interruptions, and it increases in your ears, then all the people shall cry out together with a very great shout, and the walls of the city shall fall to the foundation, and they shall enter it, each from a place opposite where they are standing.”

{6:6} Vocavit ergo Iosue filius Nun sacerdotes, et dixit ad eos: Tollite arcam fœderis: et septem alii sacerdotes tollant septem iubilæorum buccinas, et incedant ante arcam Domini.
{6:6} Then Joshua, the son of Nun, called the priests, and he said to them, “Take the ark of the covenant, and let seven other priests take the seven trumpets of the jubilee, and advance before the ark of the Lord.”

{6:7} Ad populum quoque ait: Ite, et circuite civitatem, armati, præcedentes arcam Domini.
{6:7} He also said to the people, “Go, and circle the city, armed, preceding the ark of the Lord.”

{6:8} Cumque Iosue verba finisset, et septem sacerdotes septem buccinis clangerent ante arcam fœderis Domini,
{6:8} And when Joshua had finished his words, and the seven priests sounded the seven trumpets before the ark of the covenant of the Lord,

{6:9} omnisque præcederet armatus exercitus, reliquum vulgus arcam sequebatur, ac buccinis omnia concrepabant.
{6:9} and all the armed soldiers went ahead, the remainder of the common people followed the ark, and the sound of the trumpets grew louder everywhere.

{6:10} Præceperat autem Iosue populo, dicens: Non clamabitis, nec audietur vox vestra, neque ullus sermo ex ore vestro egredietur: donec veniat dies in quo dicam vobis: Clamate, et vociferamini.
{6:10} But Joshua had instructed the people, saying, “You shall not cry out, nor shall your voice be heard, and no word at all shall proceed from your mouth, until the day arrives on which I will say to you, ‘Cry out, and shout.’ ”

{6:11} Circuivit ergo arca Domini civitatem semel per diem, et reversa in castra, mansit ibi.
{6:11} Thus, the ark of the Lord circled the city once each day, and returning to the camp, it remained there.

{6:12} Igitur Iosue de nocte consurgente, tulerunt sacerdotes arcam Domini,
{6:12} And so, with Joshua, arising in the night, the priests took the ark of the Lord,

{6:13} et septem ex eis septem buccinas, quarum in iubileo usus est: præcedebantque arcam Domini ambulantes atque clangentes: et armatus populus ibat ante eos, vulgus autem reliquum sequebatur arcam, et buccinis personabat.
{6:13} and seven of them took the seven trumpets, which are used in the jubilee, and they preceded the ark of the Lord, walking and sounding the trumpets. And the armed men went before them, and the remainder of the common people followed the ark, and they were blaring the trumpets.

{6:14} Circuieruntque civitatem secundo die semel, et reversi sunt in castra. Sic fecerunt sex diebus.
{6:14} And they circled the city on the second day, once, and they returned to the camp. They did so for six days.

{6:15} Dies autem septimo, diluculo consurgentes, circuierunt urbem, sicut dispositum erat, septies.
{6:15} Then, on the seventh day, rising at first light, they circled the city, just as had been ordered, seven times.

{6:16} Cumque septimo circuitu clangerent buccinis sacerdotes, dixit Iosue ad omnem Israel: Vociferamini: tradidit enim vobis Dominus civitatem:
{6:16} And at the seventh circling, when the priests sounded the trumpets, Joshua said to all of Israel: “Shout! For the Lord has delivered the city to you.

{6:17} sitque civitas hæc anathema: et omnia quæ in ea sunt, Domino. Sola Rahab meretrix vivat cum universis, qui cum ea in domo sunt: abscondit enim nuncios quos direximus.
{6:17} And let this city be anathema, with all the things that are within it, before the Lord. May only Rahab the harlot live, with all who are with her in the house. For she hid the messengers whom we sent.

{6:18} Vos autem cavete ne de his, quæ præcepta sunt, quippiam contingatis, et sitis prævaricationis rei, et omnia castra Israel sub peccato sint atque turbentur.
{6:18} But you must be careful that you do not touch any of those things, as you have been instructed, for then you would be guilty of transgression, and all the camp of Israel would be under sin and would be troubled.

{6:19} Quidquid autem auri et argenti fuerit, et vasorum æneorum ac ferri, Domino consecretur, repositum in thesauris eius.
{6:19} But whatever gold and silver there will be, and vessels of brass or of iron, let these be consecrated to the Lord and be stored in his treasuries.”

{6:20} Igitur omni populo vociferante, et clangentibus tubis, postquam in aures multitudinis vox sonitusque increpuit, muri illico corruerunt: et ascendit unusquisque per locum, qui contra se erat: ceperuntque civitatem,
{6:20} Therefore, with all the people shouting, and the trumpets blaring, after the voice and the sound increased in the ears of the multitude, the walls promptly fell to ruin. And each one climbed up at the place which was opposite where he was. And they seized the city.

{6:21} et interfecerunt omnia quæ erant in ea, a viro usque ad mulierem, ab infante usque ad senem. Boves quoque et oves et asinos in ore gladii percusserunt.
{6:21} And they put to death all who were in it, from man even to woman, from infant even to elder. Likewise, the oxen and sheep and donkeys, they struck down with the edge of the sword.

{6:22} Duobus autem viris, qui exploratores missi fuerant, dixit Iosue: Ingredimini domum mulieris meretricis, et producite eam, et omnia quæ illius sunt, sicut illi iuramento firmastis.
{6:22} But Joshua said to the two men who had been sent to explore, “Enter the house of the harlot woman, and bring her out, and all the things that are hers, just as you assured her by oath.”

{6:23} Ingressique iuvenes, eduxerunt Rahab, et parentes eius, fratres quoque, et cunctam supellectilem ac cognationem illius, et extra castra Israel manere fecerunt.
{6:23} And the youths entered, and they led out Rahab, and her parents, also her brothers, and all her goods and kindred, and they caused them to dwell outside the camp.

{6:24} Urbem autem, et omnia, quæ erant in ea, succenderunt; absque auro et argento, et vasis æneis, ac ferro, quæ in ærarium Domini consecrarunt.
{6:24} Then they set fire to the city and all the things that were within it, except the gold and silver, and the vessels of brass or of iron, which they consecrated into the treasury of the Lord.

~ The word ‘aerarium’ refers to a particular type of storehouse or treasury, specifically for precious metals and coins and the like.

{6:25} Rahab vero meretricem, et domum patris eius, et omnia quæ habebat, fecit Iosue vivere, et habitaverunt in medio Israel usque in præsentem diem: eo quod absconderit nuncios, quos miserat ut explorarent Iericho. In tempore illo, imprecatus est Iosue, dicens:
{6:25} Yet truly, Joshua caused Rahab the harlot, and her father’s household, and all she had, to survive. And they lived in the midst of Israel, even to the present day. For she hid the messengers, whom he had sent to explore Jericho. At that time, Joshua made an invocation, saying:

{6:26} Maledictus vir coram Domino, qui suscitaverit et ædificaverit civitatem Iericho. In primogenito suo fundamenta illius iaciat, et in novissimo liberorum ponat portas eius.
{6:26} “Cursed before the Lord is the man who will raise up and rebuild the city of Jericho! With his firstborn, may he lay its foundation, and with the last of his children, may he set up its gates.”

~ The eschatological meaning here is that Jericho will be rebuilt, and that it will be a cursed and ill-fated city, perhaps related to events during the end times.

{6:27} Fuit ergo Dominus cum Iosue, et nomen eius vulgatum est in omni terra.
{6:27} And so the Lord was with Joshua, and his name was made known throughout all the land.

[Iosue 7]
[Joshua 7]

{7:1} Filii autem Israel prævaricati sunt mandatum, et usurpaverunt de anathemate. Nam Achan filius Charmi, filii Zabdi, filii Zare de tribu Iuda, tulit aliquid de anathemate: iratusque est Dominus contra filios Israel.
{7:1} But the sons of Israel transgressed the commandment, and they usurped what was anathema. For Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, from the tribe of Judah, took something from what was anathema. And the Lord became angry against the sons of Israel.

{7:2} Cumque mitteret Iosue de Iericho viros contra Hai, quæ est iuxta Bethaven, ad Orientalem plagam oppidi Bethel, dixit eis: Ascendite, et explorate Terram. Qui præcepta complentes exploraverunt Hai.
{7:2} And when Joshua sent men from Jericho against Ai, which is beside Bethaven, toward the eastern region of the town of Bethel, he said to them, “Go up and explore the land.” And they fulfilled his instruction, and they explored Ai.

{7:3} Et reversi dixerunt ei: Non ascendat omnis populus, sed duo vel tria millia virorum pergant, et deleant civitatem: quare omnis populus frustra vexabitur contra hostes paucissimos?
{7:3} And returning, they said to him: “Let not the entire people go up. Instead, let two or three thousand men go out and destroy the city. Why should all the people be troubled without cause against enemies that are so very few?”

{7:4} Ascenderunt ergo tria millia pugnatorum. Qui statim terga vertentes,
{7:4} Therefore, they went up with three thousand fighters. And they promptly turned their backs,

{7:5} percussi sunt a viris urbis Hai, et corruerunt ex eis triginta sex homines: persecutique sunt eos adversarii de porta usque ad Sabarim, et ceciderunt per prona fugientes: pertimuitque cor populi, et instar aquæ liquefactum est.
{7:5} and were struck down by the men of the city of Ai. And thirty-six men of them fell. And the adversaries pursued them from the gate, even as far as Shebarim. And they felled them as they were fleeing downward. And the heart of the people was struck with fear, and it melted like water.

{7:6} Iosue vero scidit vestimenta sua, et pronus cecidit in terram coram arca Domini usque ad vesperam, tam ipse quam omnes senes Israel: miseruntque pulverem super capita sua,
{7:6} And truly, Joshua tore his garments, and he fell prone on the ground before the ark of the Lord, even until evening, both he and all the elders of Israel. And they cast dust upon their heads.

{7:7} et dixit Iosue: Heu Domine Deus, quid voluisti traducere populum istum Iordanem fluvium, ut traderes nos in manus Amorrhæi, et perderes? Utinam ut cœpimus, mansissemus trans Iordanem.
{7:7} And Joshua said: “Alas, O Lord God! Why would you want to lead this people over the river Jordan, so that you might deliver us into the hand of the Amorite and destroy us? I wish that we had remained beyond the Jordan, as when we began.

{7:8} Mi Domine Deus quid dicam, videns Israelem hostibus suis terga vertentem?
{7:8} My Lord God, what shall I say, seeing Israel turning their backs to their enemies?

{7:9} Audient Chananæi, et omnes habitatores Terræ, et pariter conglobati circumdabunt nos, atque delebunt nomen nostrum de terra: et quid facies magno nomini tuo?
{7:9} The Canaanites and all the inhabitants of the land will hear of it, and coming together as one, they will surround us, and they will wipe our name from the earth. And what will you do concerning your great name?”

{7:10} Dixitque Dominus ad Iosue: Surge, cur iaces pronus in terra?
{7:10} And the Lord said to Joshua: “Rise up. Why are you lying flat on the ground?

{7:11} Peccavit Israel, et prævaricatus est pactum meum: tuleruntque de anathemate, et furati sunt atque mentiti, et absconderunt inter vasa sua.
{7:11} Israel has sinned and transgressed my covenant. And they have taken from what is anathema. And they have stolen and lied, and they have hidden it among their goods.

{7:12} Nec poterit Israel stare ante hostes suos, eosque fugiet: quia pollutus est anathemate. Non ero ultra vobiscum, donec conteratis eum, qui huius sceleris reus est.
{7:12} Israel is not able to stand before his enemies, and he will flee from them. For he has been defiled by what is anathema. I will no longer be with you, until you destroy him who is guilty of this wickedness.

{7:13} Surge, sanctifica populum, et dic eis: Sanctificamini in crastinum: hæc enim dicit Dominus Deus Israel: Anathema in medio tui est Israel: non poteris stare coram hostibus tuis, donec deleatur ex te qui hoc contaminatus est scelere.
{7:13} Rise up. Sanctify the people. And you shall say to them: ‘Be sanctified tomorrow. For thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: That which is anathema is in your midst, O Israel! You are not able to stand before your enemies, until he who has been contaminated by this wickedness is taken away from you.’

{7:14} Accedetisque mane singuli per tribus vestras: et quamcumque tribum sors invenerit, accedet per cognationes suas, et cognatio per domos, domusque per viros.
{7:14} And you shall draw near in the morning, each one by your tribes. And whichever tribe will be found by lot shall come forward by its families, and the families by houses, and the house by the men.

~ The casting of lots was used to determine which tribe, then which extended family, then which house, then which man was guilty of the crime.

{7:15} Et quicumque ille in hoc facinore fuerit deprehensus, comburetur igni cum omni substantia sua: quoniam prævaricatus est pactum Domini, et fecit nefas in Israel.
{7:15} And whoever he may be that will be found guilty of this deed, he shall be burnt with fire with all his substance. For he transgressed the covenant of the Lord, and he committed a wicked act in Israel.”

{7:16} Surgens itaque Iosue mane, applicuit Israel per tribus suas, et inventa est tribus Iuda.
{7:16} And so Joshua, rising in the morning, brought forth Israel by their tribes, and the tribe of Judah was found.

{7:17} Quæ cum iuxta familias suas esset oblata, inventa est familia Zare. Illam quoque per domos offerens, reperit Zabdi:
{7:17} And when its families had been presented, the family of Zerah was found. Likewise, bringing that one forward by the houses, he discovered Zabdi.

{7:18} cuius domum in singulos dividens viros, invenit Achan filium Charmi, filii Zabdi: filii Zare de tribu Iuda.
{7:18} And dividing his house by each man, he found Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, from the tribe of Judah.

{7:19} Et ait Iosue ad Achan: Fili mi, da gloriam Domino Deo Israel, et confitere, atque indica mihi quid feceris, ne abscondas.
{7:19} And Joshua said to Achan: “My son, give glory to the Lord, the God of Israel, and confess, and reveal to me what you have done. You may not conceal it.”

{7:20} Responditque Achan Iosue, et dixit ei: Vere ego peccavi Domino Deo Israel, et sic et sic feci.
{7:20} And Achan responded to Joshua, and he said to him: “Truly, I have sinned against the Lord, the God of Israel, and I have done one thing and another.

{7:21} Vidi enim inter spolia pallium coccineum valde bonum, et ducentos siclos argenti, regulamque auream quinquaginta siclorum: et concupiscens abstuli, et abscondi in terra contra medium tabernaculi mei, argentumque fossa humo operui.
{7:21} For I saw among the spoils a very fine scarlet cloak, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a gold bar of fifty shekels. And coveting these, I took and hid them in the ground near the middle of my tent, and I covered the silver with the soil that I had dug.”

{7:22} Misit ergo Iosue ministros: qui currentes ad tabernaculum illius, repererunt cuncta abscondita in eodem loco, et argentum simul.
{7:22} Therefore, Joshua sent ministers, who, running to his tent, discovered everything hidden in the same place, together with the silver.

{7:23} Auferentesque de tentorio tulerunt ea ad Iosue, et ad omnes filios Israel, proieceruntque ante Dominum.
{7:23} And taking these from the tent, they brought them to Joshua, and to all the sons of Israel, and they cast them down before the Lord.

{7:24} Tollens itaque Iosue Achan filium Zare, argentumque et pallium, et auream regulam, filios quoque et filias eius, boves et asinos, et oves, ipsumque tabernaculum, et cunctam supellectilem: (et omnis Israel cum eo) duxerunt eos ad Vallem Achor:
{7:24} And so Joshua took Achan, the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the cloak, and the gold bar, also his sons and daughters, the oxen and donkeys and sheep, and even the tent and all his goods, (and all of Israel went with him,) and he brought these to the valley of Achor.

{7:25} ubi dixit Iosue: Quia turbasti nos, exturbet te Dominus in die hac. Lapidavitque eum omnis Israel: et cuncta quæ illius erant, igne consumpta sunt.
{7:25} There, Joshua said: “Because you have troubled us, the Lord troubles you, on this day.” And all of Israel stoned him. And all the things that were his were consumed by fire.

{7:26} Congregaveruntque super eum acervum magnum lapidum, qui permanet usque in præsentem diem. Et aversus est furor Domini ab eis. Vocatumque est nomen loci illius, Vallis Achor, usque hodie.
{7:26} And they gathered upon him a great pile of stones, which remains even to the present day. And the fury of the Lord was averted from them. And the name of that place was called the Valley of Achor, even to this day.

[Iosue 8]
[Joshua 8]

{8:1} Dixit autem Dominus ad Iosue: Ne timeas, neque formides: tolle tecum omnem multitudinem pugnatorum, et consurgens ascende in oppidum Hai. Ecce tradidi in manu tua regem eius, et populum, urbemque et terram.
{8:1} Then the Lord said to Joshua: “You should not fear, and you should not dread. Take with you the entire multitude of fighters, and rising up, ascend to the town of Ai. Behold, I have delivered into your hand its king and people, and the city and the land.

{8:2} Faciesque urbi Hai, et regi eius, sicut fecisti Iericho, et regi illius: prædam vero, et omnia animantia diripietis vobis: pone insidias urbi post eam.
{8:2} And you shall do to the city of Ai, and to its king, just as you did to Jericho, and to its king. Yet truly, the spoils, and all the living things, you shall plunder for yourselves. Set an ambush against the city behind it.”

{8:3} Surrexitque Iosue, et omnis exercitus bellatorum cum eo, ut ascenderent in Hai: et electa triginta millia virorum fortium misit nocte,
{8:3} And Joshua rose up, and the entire army of warriors with him, so that they might ascend against Ai. And he sent thirty thousand elect strong men in the night.

{8:4} præcepitque eis, dicens: Ponite insidias post civitatem, nec longius recedatis: et eritis omnes parati.
{8:4} And he instructed them, saying: “Set an ambush behind the city. You shall withdraw not far away, and let everyone be prepared.

{8:5} Ego autem, et reliqua multitudo, quæ mecum est, accedemus ex adverso contra urbem. Cumque exierint contra nos, sicut ante fecimus, fugiemus, et terga vertemus:
{8:5} But I and the remainder of the multitude that is with me will approach from the opposite side of the city. And when they come out against us, we will flee and turn our backs, just as we did before,

{8:6} donec persequentes ab urbe longius protrahantur: putabunt enim nos fugere sicut prius.
{8:6} until, pursuing us, they are drawn away from the city. For they will think that we are fleeing as before.

{8:7} Nobis ergo fugientibus, et illis persequentibus, consurgetis de insidiis, et vastabitis civitatem: tradetque eam Dominus Deus vester in manus vestras.
{8:7} Then, while we are fleeing and they are pursuing, you shall rise up from the ambush, and you shall lay waste to the city. And the Lord your God will deliver it into your hands.

{8:8} Cumque ceperitis, succendite eam, et sic omnia facietis, ut iussi.
{8:8} And when you have seized it, set it on fire. And you shall do all that I have ordered.”

{8:9} Dimisitque eos, et perrexerunt ad locum insidiarum, sederuntque inter Bethel, et Hai, ad Occidentalem plagam urbis Hai: Iosue autem nocte illa in medio mansit populi,
{8:9} And he sent them away, and they traveled to the place of the ambush, and they settled between Bethel and Ai, toward the western region of the city of Ai. But Joshua remained for that night in the midst of the people.

{8:10} surgensque diluculo recensuit socios, et ascendit cum senioribus in fronte exercitus, vallatus auxilio pugnatorum.
{8:10} And rising at first light, he reviewed his troops, and he went up, with the elders at the front of the army, surrounded by an auxiliary of fighters.

~ The troops with Joshua are here called ‘socios’ to distinguish them from Joshua’s other troops, still waiting in the ambush.

{8:11} Cumque venissent, et ascendissent ex adverso civitatis, steterunt ad Septentrionalem urbis plagam, inter quam et eos erat vallis media.
{8:11} And when they had arrived, and had ascended from the opposite side of the city, they stood toward the northern region of the city. And there was a valley in the middle, between them and the city.

{8:12} Quinque autem millia viros elegerat, et posuerat in insidiis inter Bethel et Hai ex occidentali parte eiusdem civitatis:
{8:12} Now he had chosen five thousand men, and he had positioned them in ambush between Bethel and Ai, at the western part of the same city.

{8:13} omnis vero reliquus exercitus ad aquilonem aciem dirigebat, ita ut novissimi illius multitudinis Occidentalem plagam urbis attingerent. Abiit ergo Iosue nocte illa, et stetit in vallis medio.
{8:13} Yet truly, all the remainder of the army was arranged in a line to the north, so that the very end of that multitude reached to the western region of the city. Then Joshua went out that night, and he stood in the middle of the valley.

{8:14} Quod cum vidisset rex Hai, festinavit mane, et egressus est cum omni exercitu civitatis, direxitque aciem contra desertum, ignorans quod post tergum laterent insidiæ.
{8:14} And when the king of Ai had seen this, he hurried in the morning, and he went out with the entire army of the city. And he arranged them in a line opposite the desert, not knowing that an ambush lay hidden behind his back.

{8:15} Iosue vero, et omnis Israel cesserunt loco, simulantes metum, et fugientes per solitudinis viam.
{8:15} Yet truly, Joshua, and all of Israel, withdrew from the place, pretending to be afraid, and fleeing along the way of the wilderness.

{8:16} At illi vociferantes pariter, et se mutuo cohortantes, persecuti sunt eos. Cumque recessissent a civitate,
{8:16} And they pursued them, shouting together and encouraging one another. And when they had withdrawn from the city,

{8:17} et ne unus quidem in urbe Hai et Bethel remansisset qui non persequeretur Israel (sicut eruperant aperta oppida relinquentes,)
{8:17} and indeed not one remained in the city of Ai and of Bethel who did not pursue after Israel, (leaving the towns open after they had rushed out,)

{8:18} dixit Dominus ad Iosue: Leva clypeum, qui in manu tua est, contra urbem Hai, quoniam tibi tradam eam.
{8:18} the Lord said to Joshua: “Lift up the shield that is in your hand, toward the city of Ai. For I will deliver it to you.”

{8:19} Cumque elevasset clypeum ex adverso civitatis, insidiæ, quæ latebant, surrexerunt confestim: et pergentes ad civitatem, ceperunt, et succenderunt eam.
{8:19} And when he had lifted up the shield toward the city, the ambush, which lay hidden, rose up quickly. And advancing to the city, they seized it, and set it on fire.

{8:20} Viri autem civitatis, qui persequebantur Iosue, respicientes et videntes fumum urbis ad cælum usque conscendere, non potuerunt ultra huc illucque diffugere: præsertim cum hi, qui simulaverant fugam, et tendebant ad solitudinem, contra persequentes fortissime restitissent.
{8:20} Now the men of the city who were pursuing Joshua, looking back and seeing the smoke of the city rising up even to heaven, were no longer able to flee in one direction or another, especially since those who had pretended to flee, and who were heading toward the wilderness, had turned back very strongly against those who were pursuing them.

{8:21} Vidensque Iosue et omnis Israel quod capta esset civitas, et fumus urbis ascenderet, reversus percussit viros Hai.
{8:21} And Joshua, and all of Israel, seeing that the city had been captured, and that the smoke of the city was ascending, returned and struck down the men of Ai.

{8:22} Siquidem et illi qui ceperant et succenderant civitatem, egressi ex urbe contra suos, medios hostium ferire cœperunt. Cum ergo ex utraque parte adversarii cæderentur, ita ut nullus de tanta multitudine salvaretur,
{8:22} Then too, those who had seized and set the city on fire, departing from the city toward their own men, began to strike the enemies in the middle. Therefore, since the adversaries were cut off from both sides, none of so great a multitude was saved.

{8:23} regem quoque urbis Hai apprehenderunt viventem, et obtulerunt Iosue.
{8:23} Also, they apprehended the king of the city of Ai, alive, and they brought him before Joshua.

{8:24} Igitur omnibus interfectis, qui Israelem ad deserta tendentem fuerant persecuti, et in eodem loco gladio corruentibus, reversi filii Israel percusserunt civitatem.
{8:24} And so, after all were slain who had pursued Israel fleeing toward the wilderness, and after they fell by the sword in the same place, the sons of Israel returned and struck the city.

{8:25} Erant autem qui in eodem die conciderant a viro usque ad mulierem, duodecim millia hominum, omnes urbis Hai.
{8:25} Now there were twelve thousand persons who had fallen on the same day, from man even to woman, the entire city of Ai.

{8:26} Iosue vero non contraxit manum, quam in sublime porrexerat, tenens clypeum donec interficerentur omnes habitatores Hai.
{8:26} Truly Joshua did not draw back his hand, which he had stretched out on high, keeping hold of the shield until all the inhabitants of Ai were put to death.

{8:27} Iumenta autem et prædam civitatis diviserunt sibi filii Israel, sicut præceperat Dominus Iosue.
{8:27} Then the sons of Israel divided among themselves the cattle and the plunder of the city, just as the Lord had instructed Joshua.

{8:28} Qui succendit urbem, et fecit eam tumulum sempiternum:
{8:28} And he set fire to the city, and he caused it to be a perpetual tomb.

{8:29} regem quoque eius suspendit in patibulo usque ad vesperam et solis occasum. Præcepitque Iosue, et deposuerunt cadaver eius de cruce: proieceruntque in ipso introitu civitatis, congesto super eum magno acervo lapidum, qui permanet usque in præsentem diem.
{8:29} Also, he suspended the king on a gallows, until evening and the setting of the sun. And Joshua instructed, and they took down his dead body from the hanging tree. And they cast it at the very entrance of the city, gathering a great pile of stones upon it, which remains even to the present day.

{8:30} Tunc ædificavit Iosue altare Domino Deo Israel in monte Hebal:
{8:30} Then Joshua built an altar to the Lord, the God of Israel, on Mount Ebal,

{8:31} sicut præceperat Moyses famulus Domini filiis Israel, et scriptum est in volumine legis Moysi: Altare vero de lapidibus impolitis, quos ferrum non tetigit: et obtulit super eo holocausta Domino, immolavitque pacificas victimas.
{8:31} just as Moses, the servant of the Lord, had instructed to the sons of Israel, and this was written in the book of the law of Moses: truly, an altar of uncut stones, which iron has not touched. And he offered holocausts upon it to the Lord, and he immolated victims as peace-offerings.

{8:32} Et scripsit super lapides Deuteronomium legis Moysi, quod ille digesserat coram filiis Israel.
{8:32} And he wrote on the stones, the Deuteronomy of the law of Moses, which he had set in order before the sons of Israel.

{8:33} Omnis autem populus, et maiores natu, ducesque ac iudices stabant ex utraque parte arcæ, in conspectu sacerdotum qui portabant arcam fœderis Domini, ut advena ita et indigena. Media pars eorum iuxta montem Garizim, et media iuxta montem Hebal, sicut præceperat Moyses famulus Domini. Et primum quidem benedixit populo Israel.
{8:33} Then all the people, and those greater by birth, and the commanders and judges were standing on both sides of the ark, in the sight of the priests who were carrying the ark of the covenant of the Lord, with both the new arrival and the native born, one half part of them beside Mount Gerizim, and one half beside Mount Ebal, just as Moses, the servant of the Lord, had instructed. And first, certainly, he blessed the people of Israel.

{8:34} Post hæc legit omnia verba benedictionis et maledictionis, et cuncta quæ scripta erant in legis volumine.
{8:34} After this, he read all the words of the blessing and the cursing, and all the things that were written in the book of the law.

{8:35} Nihil ex his, quæ Moyses iusserat, reliquit intactum, sed universa replicavit coram omni multitudine Israel, mulieribus ac parvulis et advenis, qui inter eos morabantur.
{8:35} He left nothing untouched out of those things that Moses had ordered, and he repeated everything before the entire multitude of Israel, with the women and the little ones, and the new arrivals who were staying among them.

[Iosue 9]
[Joshua 9]

{9:1} Quibus auditis, cuncti reges trans Iordanem, qui versabantur in montanis et campestribus, in maritimis ac littore magni maris, hi quoque qui habitabant iuxta Libanum, Hethæus et Amorrhæus, Chananæus, Pherezæus, et Hevæus, et Iebusæus
{9:1} And when these things were heard, all the kings across the Jordan, who lived among the mountains and plains, along the coastline and shores of the great sea, also those who were living near Lebanon, the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite,

{9:2} congregati sunt pariter, ut pugnarent contra Iosue et Israel uno animo, eademque sententia.
{9:2} gathered themselves together, so that they might fight against Joshua and Israel, with one mind and with the same resolve.

{9:3} At hi, qui habitabant in Gabaon, audientes cuncta quæ fecerat Iosue, Iericho et Hai:
{9:3} But those who were living in Gibeon, hearing all that Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,

{9:4} et callide cogitantes tulerunt sibi cibaria, saccos veteres asinis imponentes, et utres vinarios scissos atque consutos,
{9:4} planning cleverly, took for themselves provisions, placing old sacks upon their donkeys, and wineskins that had torn and been sewed up,

{9:5} calceamentaque perantiqua quæ ad indicium vetustatis pittaciis consuta erant, induti veteribus vestimentis: panes quoque, quos portabant ob viaticum, duri erant, et in frustra comminuti:
{9:5} and having very old shoes, which had been sewn with patches indicating their age, and being clothed in old garments, having also loaves, which they carried as food for the journey, which were hard and broken into pieces.

{9:6} perrexeruntque ad Iosue, qui tunc morabatur in castris Galgalæ, et dixerunt ei, atque simul omni Israeli: De terra longinqua venimus, pacem vobiscum facere cupientes. Responderuntque viri Israel ad eos, atque dixerunt:
{9:6} And they traveled to Joshua, who at that time was staying in the camp at Gilgal. And they said to him, and to all of Israel with him, “We have come from a far away land, desiring to make peace with you.” And the sons of Israel responded to them, and said,

{9:7} Ne forte in terra, quæ nobis sorte debetur, habitetis, et non possimus fœdus inire vobiscum.
{9:7} “Perhaps instead, you live in the land which ought to be ours by lot, and we would be unable to form a pact with you.”

{9:8} At illi ad Iosue, Servi, inquiunt, tui sumus. Quibus Iosue ait: Qui nam estis vos? Et unde venistis?
{9:8} But they said to Joshua, “We are your servants.” And Joshua said to them: “But who are you? And where are you from?”

{9:9} Responderunt: De terra longinqua valde venerunt servi tui in nomine Domini Dei tui. Audivimus enim famam potentiæ eius, cuncta quæ fecit in Ægypto,
{9:9} They responded: “Your servants have arrived, from a very far away land, in the name of the Lord, your God. For we have heard about the fame of his power, all the things that he has done in Egypt,

{9:10} et duobus regibus Amorrhæorum qui fuerunt trans Iordanem, Sehon regi Hesebon, et Og regi Basan, qui erat in Astaroth:
{9:10} and to the two kings of the Amorites, who were beyond the Jordan: Sihon, the king of Heshbon, and Og, the king of Bashan, who was at Ashtaroth.

{9:11} dixeruntque nobis seniores, et omnes habitatores terræ nostræ: Tollite in manibus cibaria ob longissimam viam, et occurrite eis, et dicite: Servi vestri sumus, fœdus inite nobiscum.
{9:11} And our elders, and all the inhabitants of our land, have said to us: ‘Take in hand provisions for the very long journey, and meet with them, and say: We are your servants; form a pact with us.’

{9:12} En, panes quando egressi sumus de domibus nostris, ut veniremus ad vos, calidos sumpsimus, nunc sicci facti sunt, et vetustate nimia comminuti.
{9:12} Lo, the loaves were taken up warm when we departed from our houses, so that we might come to you. Now they have become dry and broken, due to age.

{9:13} Utres vini novos implevimus, nunc rupti sunt et soluti. Vestes et calceamenta quibus induimur, et quæ habemus in pedibus, ob longitudinem longioris viæ trita sunt, et pene consumpta.
{9:13} These wineskins were new when we filled them, now they are torn and broken. The garments we are wearing, and the shoes we have on our feet, due to the great length of the distance, have become worn and are nearly consumed.”

{9:14} Susceperunt igitur de cibariis eorum, et os Domini non interrogaverunt.
{9:14} And so they accepted this, because of their provisions, and they did not consult the mouth of the Lord.

{9:15} Fecitque Iosue cum eis pacem, et inito fœdere pollicitus est quod non occiderentur: principes quoque multitudinis iuraverunt eis.
{9:15} And Joshua made peace with them, and entering into a pact, he promised that they would not be put to death. The leaders of the multitude also swore to them.

{9:16} Post dies autem tres initi fœderis, audierunt quod in vicino habitarent, et inter eos futuri essent.
{9:16} Then, three days after the pact was formed, they heard that they lived in the vicinity, and that they would soon be among them.

{9:17} Moveruntque castra filii Israel, et venerunt in civitates eorum die tertio, quarum hæc vocabula sunt, Gabaon, et Caphira, et Beroth, et Cariathiarim.
{9:17} And so the sons of Israel moved the camp, and they arrived at their cities on the third day, those which are called: Gibeon, and Chephirah, and Beeroth, and Kiriath-jearim.

{9:18} Et non percusserunt eos, eo quod iurassent eis principes multitudinis in nomine Domini Dei Israel. Murmuravit itaque omne vulgus contra principes.
{9:18} And they did not strike them, because the leaders of the multitude had sworn to them in the name of the Lord, the God of Israel. And so all of the common people murmured against the leaders.

{9:19} Qui responderunt eis: Iuravimus illis in nomine Domini Dei Israel, et idcirco non possumus eos contingere.
{9:19} And they responded to them: “We have sworn to them in the name of the Lord, the God of Israel, and for that reason, we are not able to touch them.

{9:20} Sed hoc faciemus eis: Reserventur quidem ut vivant, ne contra nos ira Domini concitetur, si peieraverimus:
{9:20} But we shall do this to them: Certainly, let them be preserved so that they may live, lest the wrath of the Lord be stirred up against us, since we would have sworn falsely.

{9:21} sed sic vivant, ut in usus universæ multitudinis ligna cædant, aquasque comportent. Quibus hæc loquentibus:
{9:21} But though they live, let them serve the entire multitude by cutting wood and carrying water.” And while they were discussing these things,

{9:22} vocavit Gabaonitas Iosue, et dixit eis: Cur nos decipere fraude voluistis, ut diceretis: Procul valde habitamus a vobis, cum in medio nostri sitis?
{9:22} Joshua called the Gibeonites, and he said to them: “Why would you be willing to deceive us by fraud, saying, ‘We live very far away from you,’ when you are in our midst?

{9:23} Itaque sub maledictione eritis, et non deficiet de stirpe vestra ligna cædens, aquasque comportans in domum Dei mei.
{9:23} Therefore, you shall be under a curse, and your stock shall not cease to be cutters of wood and carriers of water, into the house of my God.”

{9:24} Qui responderunt: Nunciatum est nobis servis tuis, quod promisisset Dominus Deus tuus Moysi servo suo ut traderet vobis omnem Terram, et disperderet cunctos habitatores eius. Timuimus igitur valde, et providimus animabus nostris, vestro terrore compulsi, et hoc consilium inivimus.
{9:24} And they responded: “It was reported to us, your servants, that the Lord your God had promised his servant Moses that he would give you the entire land, and that he would destroy all its inhabitants. Therefore, we were very afraid, and we made a provision for our lives, compelled by the dread of you, and we undertook this counsel.

{9:25} Nunc autem in manu tua sumus: quod tibi bonum et rectum videtur, fac nobis.
{9:25} And now we are in your hand. Act toward us as it seems good and right to you.”

{9:26} Fecit ergo Iosue ut dixerat, et liberavit eos de manu filiorum Israel, ut non occiderentur.
{9:26} Therefore, Joshua did just as he had said, and he freed them from the hand of the sons of Israel, so that they would not be killed.

{9:27} Decrevitque in illo die eos esse in ministerio cuncti populi, et altaris Domini, cædentes ligna, et aquas comportantes, usque in præsens tempus, in loco, quem Dominus elegisset.
{9:27} And he decreed on that day, that they would be in the ministry of all the people and of the altar of the Lord, cutting wood and carrying water, even until this present time, in the place which the Lord had chosen.

~ In the eschatological level of meaning, the seven tribes in Canaan, who were conquered by Israel, represent the nearly seven years of the Antichrist’s reign. The part of one tribe that was spared (the portion of the Hivite tribe that dwelt at Gibeon), and who became servants to the Israelites, represents two things about the Antichrist’s reign: firstly, that his reign is less than seven full years, and secondly, that some of his followers will repent and be saved by Christ.

[Iosue 10]
[Joshua 10]

{10:1} Quæ cum audisset Adonisedec rex Ierusalem, quod scilicet cepisset Iosue Hai, et subvertisset eam (sicut enim fecerat Iericho et regi eius, sic fecit Hai, et regi illius) et quod transfugissent Gabaonitæ ad Israel, et essent fœderati eorum,
{10:1} When Adonizedek, the king of Jerusalem, had heard these things, specifically, that Joshua had seized Ai, and had overthrown it, (for just as he had done to Jericho and its king, so did he do to Ai and its king,) and that the Gibeonites had fled over to Israel, and were now their confederates,

{10:2} timuit valde. Urbs enim magna erat Gabaon, et una civitatum regalium, et maior oppido Hai, omnesque bellatores eius fortissimi.
{10:2} he was very afraid. For Gibeon was a great city, and was one of the royal cities, and was greater than the town of Ai, and all its warriors were very strong.

{10:3} Misit ergo Adonisedec rex Ierusalem ad Oham regem Hebron, et ad Pharam regem Ierimoth, ad Iaphia quoque regem Lachis, et ad Dabir regem Eglon, dicens:
{10:3} Therefore, Adonizedek, the king of Jerusalem, sent to Hoham, the king of Hebron, and to Piram, the king of Jarmuth, and also to Japhia, the king of Lachish, and to Debir, the king of Eglon, saying:

{10:4} Ad me ascendite, et ferte præsidium, ut expugnemus Gabaon, quare transfugerit ad Iosue, et ad filios Israel.
{10:4} “Ascend to me, and bring troops, so that we may fight against Gibeon. For it has fled over to Joshua and the sons of Israel.”

{10:5} Congregati igitur ascenderunt quinque reges Amorrhæorum: rex Ierusalem, rex Hebron, rex Ierimoth, rex Lachis, rex Eglon, simul cum exercitibus suis, et castrametati sunt circa Gabaon, oppugnantes eam.
{10:5} And so, having assembled, the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, together with their armies, went up and encamped around Gibeon, laying siege to it.

{10:6} Habitatores autem Gabaon urbis obsessæ miserunt ad Iosue, qui tunc morabatur in castris apud Galgalam, et dixerunt ei: Ne retrahas manus tuas ab auxilio servorum tuorum: ascende cito, et libera nos, ferque præsidium: convenerunt enim adversum nos omnes reges Amorrhæorum, qui habitant in montanis.
{10:6} But the inhabitants of the city of Gibeon, when it was besieged, sent to Joshua, who was then staying in the camp at Gilgal. And they said to him: “May you not draw back your hands from helping your servants. Come quickly, and free us, and bring troops. For all the kings of the Amorites, who live in the mountains, have gathered together against us.”

{10:7} Ascenditque Iosue de Galgalis, et omnis exercitus bellatorum cum eo, viri fortissimi.
{10:7} And Joshua ascended from Gilgal, and the entire army of warriors with him, very strong men.

{10:8} Dixitque Dominus ad Iosue: Ne timeas eos: in manus enim tuas tradidi illos: nullus ex eis tibi resistere poterit.
{10:8} And the Lord said to Joshua: “You should not fear them. For I have delivered them into your hands. None of them will be able to withstand you.”

{10:9} Irruit itaque Iosue super eos repente, tota nocte ascendens de Galgalis:
{10:9} And so Joshua, ascending from Gilgal throughout the night, rushed upon them suddenly.

{10:10} Et conturbavit eos Dominus a facie Israel: contrivitque plaga magna in Gabaon, ac persecutus est eos per viam ascensus Beth horon, et percussit usque Azeca et Maceda.
{10:10} And the Lord set them in disarray before the face of Israel. And he crushed them in a great defeat at Gibeon, and he pursued them along the way of the ascent to Beth-horon, and he struck them down, even as far as Azekah and Makkedah.

{10:11} Cumque fugerent filios Israel, et essent in descensu Beth horon, Dominus misit super eos lapides magnos de cælo usque ad Azeca: et mortui sunt multo plures lapidibus grandinis, quam quos gladio percusserant filii Israel.
{10:11} And while they were fleeing from the sons of Israel, and were on the descent of Beth-horon, the Lord cast great stones from heaven upon them, as far as Azekah. And many more were killed by the hailstones, than were struck down by the swords of the sons of Israel.

{10:12} Tunc locutus est Iosue Domino in die, qua tradidit Amorrhæum in conspectu filiorum Israel, dixitque coram eis: Sol contra Gabaon ne movearis, et Luna contra vallem Aialon.
{10:12} Then Joshua spoke to the Lord, on the day that he handed over the Amorite in the sight of the sons of Israel, and he said before them: “O sun, you shall not move toward Gibeon! O moon, you shall not move toward the valley of Aijalon!”

{10:13} Steteruntque Sol et Luna, donec ulcisceretur se gens de inimicis suis. Nonne scriptum est hoc in libro iustorum? Stetit itaque Sol in medio cæli, et non festinavit occumbere spatio unius diei.
{10:13} And the sun and the moon stood still, until the people had avenged themselves of their enemies. Has this not been written in the book of the just? And so the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and it did not hurry to its rest for the space of one day.

~ It is contrary to the Catholic faith to claim that this passage describes an eclipse of the sun; that is not at all what the text says. But neither is it necessary to say that the passage implies that the earth is the center of the solar system, or that the sun, earth, and moon ceased to move for 24 hours. Some type of miracle occurred, so that the sun and moon appeared to remain in the same place in the sky, but we are not told exactly how this was accomplished. Also, one need not hold that the one day was 24 hours; it could have been some shorter length of time, since the Jews counted a partial day as one day.

{10:14} Non fuit antea nec postea tam longa dies, obediente Domino voci hominis, et pugnante pro Israel.
{10:14} Never before and never after was there so long a day, as when the Lord obeyed the voice of a man, and fought for Israel.

{10:15} Reversusque est Iosue cum omni Israel in castra Galgalæ.
{10:15} And Joshua returned, with all of Israel, into the camp of Gilgal.

{10:16} Fugerant enim quinque reges, et se absconderant in spelunca urbis Maceda.
{10:16} For the five kings had fled, and had hidden themselves in a cave, near the city of Makkedah.

{10:17} Nunciatumque est Iosue quod inventi essent quinque reges latentes in spelunca urbis Maceda.
{10:17} And it was reported to Joshua that the five kings had been found hidden in a cave, near the city of Makkedah.

{10:18} Qui præcepit sociis, et ait: Volvite saxa ingentia ad os speluncæ, et ponite viros industrios, qui clausos custodiant:
{10:18} And he instructed his companions and said: “Roll vast stones to the mouth of the cave, and station attentive men who will keep them closed.

{10:19} vos autem nolite stare, sed persequimini hostes, et extremos quosque fugientium cædite: nec dimittatis eos urbium suarum intrare præsidia, quos tradidit Dominus Deus in manus vestras.
{10:19} But as for you, do not stay here; instead, pursue the enemies, and cut down the lattermost of those who are fleeing. You shall not permit those whom the Lord God has delivered into your hands to enter into the protection of their cities.”

{10:20} Cæsis ergo adversariis plaga magna, et usque ad internecionem pene consumptis, hi, qui Israel effugere potuerunt, ingressi sunt civitates munitas.
{10:20} Thus, the adversaries were struck down in a great defeat, and having been nearly consumed, even to utter annihilation, those who were able to escape from Israel entered into fortified cities.

{10:21} Reversusque est omnis exercitus ad Iosue in Maceda, ubi tunc erant castra, sani et integro numero: nullusque contra filios Israel mutire ausus est.
{10:21} And the entire army returned to Joshua at Makkedah, where they were then encamped, in good health and in their full numbers. And no one dared to move his tongue against the sons of Israel.

{10:22} Præcepitque Iosue, dicens: Aperite os speluncæ, et producite ad me quinque reges, qui in ea latitant.
{10:22} And Joshua instructed, saying, “Open the mouth of the cave, and bring forward to me the five kings, who are hidden within it.”

{10:23} Feceruntque ministri ut sibi fuerat imperatum: et eduxerunt ad eum quinque reges de spelunca, regem Ierusalem, regem Hebron, regem Ierimoth, regem Lachis, regem Eglon.
{10:23} And the ministers did just as they had been ordered. And they led out to him the five kings from the cave: the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon.

{10:24} Cumque educti essent ad eum, vocavit omnes viros Israel, et ait ad principes exercitus qui secum erant: Ite, et ponite pedes super colla regum istorum. Qui cum perrexissent, et subiectorum colla pedibus calcarent,
{10:24} And when they had been led out to him, he called all the men of Israel, and he said to the leaders of the army who were with him, “Go, and place your feet upon the necks of these kings.” And when they had gone and had tread their feet upon the necks of those who were thrown down,

{10:25} rursum ait ad eos: Nolite timere, nec paveatis, confortamini et estote robusti: sic enim faciet Dominus cunctis hostibus vestris, adversum quos dimicatis.
{10:25} he spoke to them again: “Do not be afraid, and do not dread. Be strengthened and be steadfast. For so will the Lord do to all your enemies, against whom you fight.”

{10:26} Percussitque Iosue, et interfecit eos, atque suspendit super quinque stipites: fueruntque suspensi usque ad vesperum.
{10:26} And Joshua struck them down and killed them, and he suspended them on five gallows. And they hung there until evening.

{10:27} Cumque occumberet Sol, præcepit sociis ut deponerent eos de patibulis. Qui depositos proiecerunt in speluncam, in qua latuerant, et posuerunt super os eius saxa ingentia, quæ permanent usque in præsens.
{10:27} And when the sun had set, he instructed his assistants that they should take them down from the gallows. And having been taken down, they cast them into the cave, where they had lain hidden, and they set vast stones at its mouth, which remain, even to the present.

{10:28} Eodem quoque die Macedam cepit Iosue, et percussit eam in ore gladii, regemque illius interfecit, et omnes habitatores eius: non dimisit in ea saltem parvas reliquias. Fecitque regi Maceda, sicut fecerat regi Iericho.
{10:28} Also on the same day, Joshua seized Makkedah, and he struck it with the edge of the sword, and he put to death its king and all its inhabitants. He did not leave in it even the smallest remains. And he did to the king of Makkedah, just as he had done to the king of Jericho.

{10:29} Transivit autem cum omni Israel de Maceda in Lebna, et pugnabat contra eam:
{10:29} Then he went on, with all of Israel, from Makkedah to Libnah, and he fought against it.

{10:30} quam tradidit Dominus cum rege suo in manus Israel: percusseruntque urbem in ore gladii, et omnes habitatores eius. Non dimiserunt in ea ullas reliquias. Feceruntque regi Lebna, sicut fecerant regi Iericho.
{10:30} And the Lord delivered it, with its king, into the hands of Israel. And they struck the city with the edge of the sword, and all its inhabitants. They did not leave in it any remains. And they did to the king of Libnah, just as they had done to the king of Jericho.

{10:31} De Lebna transivit in Lachis cum omni Israel: et exercitu per gyrum disposito oppugnabat eam.
{10:31} From Libnah, with all of Israel, he went on to Lachish. And taking positions around it with his army, he besieged it.

{10:32} Tradiditque Dominus Lachis in manus Israel, et cepit eam die altero, atque percussit in ore gladii, omnemque animam quæ fuerat in ea, sicut fecerat Lebna.
{10:32} And the Lord delivered Lachish into the hands of Israel, and he seized it on the following day, and he struck it with the edge of the sword, and every soul that was in it, just as he had done to Libnah.

{10:33} Eo tempore ascendit Horam rex Gazer, ut auxiliaretur Lachis: quem percussit Iosue cum omni populo eius usque ad internecionem.
{10:33} At that time, Horam, the king of Gezer, went up so that he might assist Lachish. And Joshua struck him with all his people, even unto utter annihilation.

{10:34} Transivitque de Lachis in Eglon, et circumdedit,
{10:34} And he went on from Lachish to Eglon, and he surrounded it.

{10:35} atque expugnavit eam eadem die: percussitque in ore gladii omnes animas, quæ erant in ea iuxta omnia quæ fecerat Lachis.
{10:35} And he also defeated it on the same day. And he struck all the souls that were in it with the edge of the sword, in accord with all that he had done to Lachish.

{10:36} Ascendit quoque cum omni Israel de Eglon in Hebron, et pugnavit contra eam:
{10:36} He also ascended, with all of Israel, from Eglon into Hebron, and he fought against it.

{10:37} cepit eam, et percussit in ore gladii, regem quoque eius, et omnia oppida regionis illius, universasque animas, quæ in ea fuerant commoratæ: non reliquit in ea ullas reliquias: sicut fecerat Eglon, sic fecit et Hebron, cuncta quæ in ea reperit consumens gladio.
{10:37} He seized it and struck it with the edge of the sword, likewise with its king, and all the towns of that region, and all the souls that were staying in it. He did not leave any remains in it. Just as he had done to Eglon, so also did he do to Hebron, consuming with the sword all that he found within it.

{10:38} Inde reversus in Dabir,
{10:38} Returning from there to Debir,

{10:39} cepit eam atque vastavit: regem quoque eius atque omnia per circuitum oppida percussit in ore gladii: non dimisit in ea ullas reliquias: sicut fecerat Hebron et Lebna et regibus earum, sic fecit Dabir et regi illius.
{10:39} he seized it and laid waste to it, likewise with its king. And all the surrounding towns, he struck with the edge of the sword. He did not leave in it any remains. Just as he had done to Hebron and Libnah, and to their kings, so did he do to Debir and to its king.

{10:40} Percussit itaque Iosue omnem Terram montanam et meridianam atque campestrem, et Asedoth cum regibus suis: non dimisit in ea ullas reliquias, sed omne quod spirare poterat interfecit, sicut præceperat ei Dominus Deus Israel,
{10:40} And so Joshua struck the entire land, the mountains, and the south, and the plains, and the descending slopes, with their kings. He did not leave in it any remains, but he put to death all that was able to breathe, just as the Lord, the God of Israel, had instructed him,

{10:41} a Cadesbarne usque Gazam. Omnem Terram Gosen usque Gabaon,
{10:41} from Kadesh-barnea, as far as Gaza, with all the land of Goshen, as far as Gibeon.

{10:42} universosque reges, et regiones eorum uno impetu cepit atque vastavit: Dominus enim Deus Israel pugnavit pro eo.
{10:42} And all their kings and their regions, he seized and destroyed with a single attack. For the Lord, the God of Israel, fought on his behalf.

{10:43} Reversusque est cum omni Israel ad locum castrorum in Galgala.
{10:43} And he returned, with all of Israel, to the place of the encampment at Gilgal.

[Iosue 11]
[Joshua 11]

{11:1} Quæ cum audisset Iabin rex Asor, misit ad Iobab regem Madon, et ad regem Semeron, atque ad regem Achsaph:
{11:1} And when Jabin, the king of Hazor, had heard these things, he sent to Jobab, the king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph,

{11:2} ad reges quoque Aquilonis, qui habitabant in montanis et in planitie contra meridiem Ceneroth, in campestribus quoque et in regionibus Dor iuxta mare:
{11:2} also to the kings of the north, who were living in the mountains, and in the plains opposite the southern region of Chinneroth, and also in the plains and the regions of Dor, beside the sea,

{11:3} Chananæum quoque ab Oriente et Occidente, et Amorrhæum atque Hethæum ac Pherezæum et Iebusæum in montanis: Hevæum quoque qui habitabat ad radices Hermon in Terra Maspha.
{11:3} also to the Canaanites, from east to west, and to the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the mountains, also to the Hivite who was living at the base of Hermon, in the land of Mizpah.

{11:4} Egressique sunt omnes cum turmis suis, populus multus nimis sicut arena, quæ est in littore maris, equi quoque et currus immensæ multitudinis.
{11:4} And they all went forth with their troops, a people exceedingly numerous, like the sand that is on the shore of the sea. And their horses and chariots were an immense multitude.

{11:5} Conveneruntque omnes reges isti in unum ad Aquas Merom, ut pugnarent contra Israel.
{11:5} And all these kings assembled at the waters of Merom, so that they might fight against Israel.

{11:6} Dixitque Dominus ad Iosue: Ne timeas eos: cras enim hac eadem hora ego tradam omnes istos vulnerandos in conspectu Israel: equos eorum subnervabis, et currus igne combures.
{11:6} And the Lord said to Joshua: “You should not fear them. For tomorrow, at this same hour, I will deliver all these to be wounded in the sight of Israel. You will hamstring their horses, and you will burn their chariots with fire.”

{11:7} Venitque Iosue, et omnis exercitus cum eo adversus illos ad Aquas Merom subito, et irruerunt super eos,
{11:7} And Joshua, and the entire army with him, came against them suddenly, at the waters of Merom, and they rushed upon them.

{11:8} tradiditque illos Dominus in manus Israel. Qui percusserunt eos, et persecuti sunt usque ad Sidonem magnam, et Aquas Maserephoth, campumque Masphe, qui est ad Orientalem illius partem. Ita percussit omnes, ut nullas dimitteret ex eis reliquias:
{11:8} And the Lord delivered them into the hands of Israel. And they struck them, and they pursued them as far as the great Sidon, and the waters of Misrephoth, and the field of Mizpeh, which is toward the eastern region. He struck them all, so that nothing was left of them to remain.

{11:9} fecitque sicut præceperat ei Dominus, equos eorum subnervavit, currusque combussit igni.
{11:9} And he did just as the Lord had instructed him. He hamstrung their horses, and he burned their chariots with fire.

{11:10} Reversusque statim cepit Asor: et regem eius percussit gladio. Asor enim antiquitus inter omnia regna hæc principatum tenebat.
{11:10} And turning back, he immediately seized Hazor. And he struck down its king with the sword. For Hazor, from antiquity, held the first position among all these kingdoms.

{11:11} Percussitque omnes animas, quæ ibidem morabantur: non dimisit in ea ullas reliquias, sed usque ad internecionem universa vastavit, ipsamque urbem peremit incendio.
{11:11} And he struck down all the souls that were staying there. He did not leave in it any remains, but he destroyed everything unto utter annihilation, and he destroyed the city itself with fire.

{11:12} Et omnes per circuitum civitates, regesque earum cepit, percussit atque delevit, sicut præceperat ei Moyses famulus Domini.
{11:12} And he seized, struck, and destroyed all the surrounding cities and their kings, just as Moses, the servant of God, had instructed him.

{11:13} Absque urbibus, quæ erant in collibus, et in tumulis sitæ, ceteras succendit Israel: unam tantum Asor munitissimam flamma consumpsit.
{11:13} And except for the cities that were on hills and in elevated places, the rest Israel burned. One only, highly-fortified Hazor, was consumed with fire.

{11:14} Omnemque prædam istarum urbium ac iumenta diviserunt sibi filii Israel, cunctis hominibus interfectis.
{11:14} And the sons of Israel divided among themselves all the plunder of these cities, and the cattle, putting to death all persons.

{11:15} Sicut præceperat Dominus Moysi servo suo, ita præcepit Moyses Iosue, et ille universa complevit: non præteriit de universis mandatis, nec unum quidem verbum quod iusserat Dominus Moysi.
{11:15} Just as the Lord had instructed his servant Moses, so did Moses instruct Joshua, and he fulfilled everything. He did not omit even one word out of all the commandments, which the Lord had commanded Moses.

{11:16} Cepit itaque Iosue omnem Terram montanam, et meridianam, terramque Gosen, et planitiem, et Occidentalem plagam, montemque Israel, et campestria eius:
{11:16} And so Joshua seized the entire land of the mountains, and of the south, and the land of Goshen, and the plains, and the western region, and the mountain of Israel, and its plains.

{11:17} et partem montis, quæ ascendit Seir usque Baalgad per planitiem Libani subter montem Hermon: omnes reges eorum cepit, percussit, et occidit.
{11:17} As for the part of the mountain that ascends to Seir, as far as Baalgad, along the plain of Lebanon under mount Hermon, all their kings he seized, struck down, and killed.

{11:18} Multo tempore pugnavit Iosue contra reges istos.
{11:18} For a long time, Joshua fought against these kings.

{11:19} Non fuit civitas quæ se traderet filiis Israel, præter Hevæum, qui habitabat in Gabaon: omnes enim bellando cepit.
{11:19} There was not a city that delivered itself to the sons of Israel, except the Hivites who were living at Gibeon. For he seized it all in warfare.

{11:20} Domini enim sententia fuerat, ut indurarentur corda eorum, et pugnarent contra Israel, et caderent, et non mererentur ullam clementiam, ac perirent, sicut præceperat Dominus Moysi.
{11:20} For it was the sentence of the Lord that their hearts would be hardened, and that they would fight against Israel and fall, and that they did not deserve any clemency, and that they should perish, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

{11:21} In illo tempore venit Iosue, et interfecit Enacim de montanis, Hebron, et Dabir, et Anab, et de omni monte Iuda et Israel, urbesque eorum delevit.
{11:21} In that time, Joshua went and put to death the Anakim from the mountains, from Hebron and Debir and Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah and Israel. And he destroyed their cities.

{11:22} Non reliquit ullum de stirpe Enacim, in Terra filiorum Israel: absque civitatibus Gaza, et Geth, et Azoto, in quibus solis relicti sunt.
{11:22} He did not leave any from the stock of the Anakim in the land of the sons of Israel, except the cities of Gaza, and Gath, and Ashdod, which alone were left behind.

{11:23} Cepit ergo Iosue omnem Terram, sicut locutus est Dominus ad Moysen, et tradidit eam in possessionem filiis Israel secundum partes et tribus suas. Quievitque Terra a præliis.
{11:23} Thus, Joshua seized all the land, just as the Lord spoke to Moses, and he delivered it as a possession to the sons of Israel, according to their divisions and tribes. And the land rested from battles.

[Iosue 12]
[Joshua 12]

{12:1} Hi sunt reges, quos percusserunt filii Israel, et possederunt Terram eorum trans Iordanem ad solis ortum, a torrente Arnon usque ad montem Hermon, et omnem Orientalem plagam, quæ respicit solitudinem.
{12:1} These are the kings whom the sons of Israel struck down, and whose land they possessed beyond the Jordan, toward the rising of the sun, from the torrent Arnon as far as mount Hermon, with the entire eastern region that looks out toward the wilderness:

{12:2} Sehon rex Amorrhæorum, qui habitavit in Hesebon, dominatus est ab Aroer, quæ sita est super ripam torrentis Arnon, et mediæ partis in valle, dimidiæque Galaad, usque ad torrentem Iaboc, qui est terminus filiorum Ammon.
{12:2} Sihon, the king of the Amorites, who lived at Heshbon, and who had dominion from Aroer, which is situated on the bank of the torrent Arnon, and the valley in the middle, and one half of Gilead, as far as the torrent Jabbok, which is the border of the sons of Ammon,

{12:3} Et a solitudine usque ad Mare Ceneroth contra Orientem, et usque ad Mare deserti, quod est mare salsissimum, ad Orientalem plagam per viam quæ ducit Bethsimoth: et ab australi parte, quæ subiacet Asedoth, Phasga.
{12:3} and from the wilderness, as far as the sea of Chinneroth toward the east, and to the Sea of the Wilderness, which is the very salty sea, to the eastern region, along the way that leads to Beth-jeshimoth, and from the southern region that lies under the descending slope of Pisgah,

{12:4} Terminus Og regis Basan, de reliquiis Raphaim, qui habitavit in Astaroth, et in Edrai, et dominatus est in monte Hermon, et in Salecha, atque in universa Basan, usque ad terminos
{12:4} to the border of Og, the king of Bashan; from the remnant of the Rephaim, who lived in Ashtaroth, and at Edrei, and who had dominion on mount Hermon, and at Salecah, and into all of Bashan, even to its limits;

{12:5} Gessuri, et Machati, et dimidiæ partis Galaad: terminos Sehon regis Hesebon.
{12:5} with Geshur and Maacati, and one half of Gilead, these were the borders of Sihon, the king of Heshbon.

{12:6} Moyses famulus Domini, et filii Israel percusserunt eos, tradiditque Terram eorum Moyses in possessionem Rubenitis, et Gaditis, et dimidiæ tribui Manasse.
{12:6} Moses, the servant of the Lord, and the sons of Israel struck them down. And Moses delivered their land into the possession of the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the one half tribe of Manasseh.

{12:7} Hi sunt reges Terræ, quos percussit Iosue et filii Israel trans Iordanem ad Occidentalem plagam, a Baalgad in campo Libani, usque ad montem, cuius pars ascendit in Seir: tradiditque eam Iosue in possessionem tribubus Israel, singulis partes suas,
{12:7} These are the kings of the land, whom Joshua and the sons of Israel struck down across the Jordan, toward the western region, from Baalgad in the field of Lebanon, as far as the mountain, part of which ascends to Seir. And Joshua delivered it as a possession to the tribes of Israel, to each one in their divisions,

{12:8} tam in montanis quam in planis atque campestribus. In Asedoth, et in solitudine, ac in meridie Hethæus fuit et Amorrhæus, Chananæus et Pherezæus, Hevæus et Iebusæus.
{12:8} both in the mountains and in the plains and fields. In the descending slopes, and in the wilderness, and in the south, there too was the Hittite and the Amorite, the Canaanite and the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite.

{12:9} Rex Iericho unus: rex Hai, quæ est ex latere Bethel, unus:
{12:9} The king of Jericho, one; the king of Ai, which is beside Bethel, one;

{12:10} rex Ierusalem unus, rex Hebron unus,
{12:10} the king of Jerusalem, one; the king of Hebron, one;

{12:11} rex Ierimoth unus, rex Lachis unus,
{12:11} the king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one;

{12:12} rex Eglon unus, rex Gazer unus,
{12:12} the king of Eglon, one; the king of Gezer, one;

{12:13} rex Dabir unus, rex Gader unus,
{12:13} the king of Debir, one; the king of Geder, one;

{12:14} rex Herma unus, rex Hered unus,
{12:14} the king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one;

{12:15} rex Lebna unus, rex Odullam unus,
{12:15} the king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;

{12:16} rex Maceda unus, rex Bethel unus,
{12:16} the king of Makkedah, one; the king of Bethel, one;

{12:17} rex Taphua unus, rex Opher unus,
{12:17} the king of Tappuah, one; the king of Hepher, one;

{12:18} rex Aphec unus, rex Saron unus,
{12:18} the king of Aphek, one; the king of Lasharon, one;

{12:19} rex Madon unus, rex Asor unus,
{12:19} the king of Madon, one; the king of Hazor, one;

{12:20} rex Semeron unus, rex Achsaph unus,
{12:20} the king of Shimron, one; the king of Achshaph, one;

{12:21} rex Thenac unus, rex Mageddo unus,
{12:21} the king of Taanach, one; the king of Megiddo, one;

{12:22} rex Cades unus, rex Iachanan Carmeli unus,
{12:22} the king of Kadesh, one; the king of Jokneam of Carmel, one;

{12:23} rex Dor, et provinciæ Dor unus, rex gentium Galgal unus,
{12:23} the king of Dor and of the province of Dor, one; the king of the nations of Gilgal, one;

{12:24} rex Thersa unus: omnes reges triginta unus.
{12:24} the king of Tirzah, one. All the kings were thirty-one.

[Iosue 13]
[Joshua 13]

{13:1} Iosue senex, provectæque ætatis erat, et dixit Dominus ad eum: Senuisti, et longævus es, terraque latissima derelicta est, quæ necdum sorte divisa est:
{13:1} Joshua was old and advanced in age, and the Lord said to him: “You have grown old, and are aged, and a very wide land remains, which has not yet been divided by lot,

{13:2} omnis videlicet Galilæa, Philisthiim, et universa Gessuri.
{13:2} specifically, all of Galilee, Philistia, and all of Geshur;

{13:3} A fluvio turbido, qui irrigat Ægyptum, usque ad terminos Accaron contra Aquilonem: Terra Chanaan, quæ in quinque regulos Philisthiim dividitur, Gazæos, et Azotios, Ascalonitas, Gethæos, et Accaronitas.
{13:3} from the muddy river, which irrigates Egypt, as far as the border of Ekron toward the north, the land of Canaan, which is divided among the rulers of Philistia: the Gazites, and the Ashdodites, the Ashkelonites, the Gathites, and the Ekronites;

{13:4} Ad meridiem vero sunt Hevæi, omnis Terra Chanaan, et Maara Sidoniorum usque Apheca et terminos Amorrhæi,
{13:4} truly, to the south are the Hivites, all the land of Canaan, and Mearah of the Sidonians, as far as Aphek and the borders of the Amorite

{13:5} eiusque confinia. Libani quoque regio contra Orientem a Baalgad sub monte Hermon, donec ingrediaris Emath.
{13:5} and his confines; also, the region of Lebanon toward the east, from Baalgad, under mount Hermon, until you enter into Hamath;

{13:6} Omnium qui habitant in monte a Libano usque ad Aquas Maserephoth, universique Sidonii. Ego sum qui delebo eos a facie filiorum Israel. Veniat ergo in partem hereditatis Israel, sicut præcepi tibi.
{13:6} all who live in the mountains from Lebanon, as far as the waters of Misrephoth, and all the Sidonians. I am the One who will wipe them out, before the face of the sons of Israel. Therefore, let their land become a part of the inheritance of Israel, just as I have instructed you.

{13:7} Et nunc divide terram in possessionem novem tribubus, et dimidiæ tribui Manasse,
{13:7} And now, divide the land as a possession to the nine tribes, and to the one half tribe of Manasseh.”

{13:8} cum qua Ruben et Gad possederunt terram, quam tradidit eis Moyses famulus Domini trans fluenta Iordanis, ad orientalem plagam.
{13:8} With them, Reuben and Gad have possessed the land, which Moses, the servant of the Lord, delivered to them beyond the river Jordan, on the eastern side:

{13:9} Ab Aroer, quæ sita est in ripa torrentis Arnon, et in vallis medio, universaque campestria Medaba, usque Dibon:
{13:9} from Aroer, which is situated on the bank of the torrent Arnon and in the midst of the valley, and all the plains of Medeba, as far as Dibon;

{13:10} et cunctas civitates Sehon, regis Amorrhæi, qui regnavit in Hesebon usque ad terminos filiorum Ammon:
{13:10} and all the cities of Sihon, the king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, even to the borders of the sons of Ammon;

{13:11} et Galaad, ac terminum Gessuri et Machati, et omnem montem Hermon, et universam Basan, usque ad Salecha,
{13:11} and Gilead, as well as the borders of Geshur and Maacati, and all of mount Hermon, and all of Bashan, as far as Salecah;

{13:12} omne regnum Og in Basan, qui regnavit in Astaroth et Edrai, ipse fuit de reliquiis Raphaim: percussitque eos Moyses, atque delevit.
{13:12} the entire kingdom of Og in Bashan, who reigned at Ashtaroth and Edrei, (he was among the last of the Rephaim). And Moses struck and destroyed them.

{13:13} Nolueruntque disperdere filii Israel Gessuri et Machati: et habitaverunt in medio Israel usque in præsentem diem.
{13:13} And the sons of Israel were not willing to destroy Geshur and Maacati, and so they have lived in the midst of Israel, even to the present day.

{13:14} Tribui autem Levi non dedit possessionem: sed sacrificia et victimæ Domini Dei Israel, ipsa est eius hereditas, sicut locutus est illi.
{13:14} But to the tribe of Levi, he did not give a possession. Instead, the sacrifices and victims of the Lord, the God of Israel, these are his inheritance, just as he spoke to him.

{13:15} Dedit ergo Moyses possessionem tribui filiorum Ruben iuxta cognationes suas.
{13:15} Therefore, Moses gave a possession to the tribe of the sons of Reuben, according to their families.

{13:16} Fuitque terminus eorum ab Aroer, quæ sita est in ripa torrentis Arnon, et in valle eiusdem torrentis media: universam planitiem, quæ ducit Medaba,
{13:16} And their border was from Aroer, which is situated on the bank of the torrent Arnon, and in the midst of the valley of the same torrent, with all the flatlands that lead to Medeba;

{13:17} et Hesebon, cunctosque viculos earum, qui sunt in campestribus: Dibon quoque, et Bamothbaal, et oppidum Baalmaon,
{13:17} and Heshbon, and all their villages, which are in the plains; also Dibon, and Bamothbaal, and the town of Baalmeon,

{13:18} et Iassa, et Cedimoth, et Mephaath,
{13:18} and Jahaz, and Kedemoth, and Mephaath,

{13:19} et Cariathaim, et Sabama, et Sarathasar in monte convallis.
{13:19} and Kiriathaim, and Sibmah, and Zereth-shahar on the mountain of the steep valley;

{13:20} Bethphogor et Asedoth, Phasga et Bethiesimoth,
{13:20} Bethpeor, and the descending slopes of Pisgah, and Beth-jeshimoth;

{13:21} et omnes urbes campestres, universaque regna Sehon regis Amorrhæi, qui regnavit in Hesebon, quem percussit Moyses cum principibus Madian: Hevæum, et Recem, et Sur, et Hur, et Rebe duces Sehon habitatores Terræ.
{13:21} and all the cities of the plain, and all the kingdoms of Sihon, the king of the Amorites, who reigned at Heshbon, whom Moses struck down with the leaders of Midian: Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, the commanders of Sihon, inhabitants of the land.

{13:22} Et Balaam filium Beor ariolum occiderunt filii Israel gladio cum ceteris interfectis.
{13:22} And the sons of Israel killed Balaam, the son of Beor, the seer, with the sword, along with the others who were slain.

{13:23} Factusque est terminus filiorum Ruben Iordanis fluvius. Hæc est possessio Rubenitarum per cognationes suas urbium et viculorum.
{13:23} And the river Jordan was made the border of the sons of Reuben; this is the possession of the Reubenites, by their families, in cities and villages.

{13:24} Deditque Moyses tribui Gad et filiis eius per cognationes suas possessionem, cuius hæc divisio est.
{13:24} And Moses gave to the tribe of Gad and his sons, by their families, a possession, of which this is the division:

{13:25} Terminus Iaser, et omnes civitates Galaad, et dimidiam partem terræ filiorum Ammon, usque ad Aroer, quæ est contra Rabba:
{13:25} the border of Jazer, and all the cities of Gilead, and one half part of the land of the sons of Ammon, as far as Aroer, which is opposite Rabbah;

{13:26} et ab Hesebon usque Ramoth, Masphe et Betonim: et a Manaim usque ad terminos Dabir:
{13:26} and from Heshbon as far as Ramath, Mizpeh, and Betonim; and from Mahanaim as far as the borders of Debir;

{13:27} in valle quoque Betharan, et Bethnemra, et Socoth, et Saphon reliquam partem regni Sehon regis Hesebon: huius quoque finis, Iordanis est usque ad extremam partem maris Cenereth trans Iordanem ad orientalem plagam.
{13:27} also, in the valley Beth-haram and Beth-nimrah, and Succoth, and Zaphon, the remaining part of the kingdom of Sihon, the king of Heshbon; the limit of this also is the Jordan, as far as the furthest part of the sea of Chinnereth, beyond the Jordan on the eastern side.

{13:28} Hæc est possessio filiorum Gad per familias suas, civitates, et villæ earum.
{13:28} This is the possession of the sons of Gad, by their families, in their cities and villages.

{13:29} Dedit et dimidiæ tribui Manasse, filiisque eius iuxta cognationes suas possessionem,
{13:29} He also gave, to the one half tribe of Manasseh and to his sons, a possession according to their families,

{13:30} cuius hoc principium est: a Manaim universam Basan, et cuncta regna Og regis Basan, omnesque vicos Iair, qui sunt in Basan, sexaginta oppida:
{13:30} the beginning of which is this: from Mahanaim, all of Bashan, and all the kingdoms of Og, the king of Bashan, and all the villages of Jair, which are in Bashan, sixty towns;

{13:31} et dimidiam partem Galaad, et Astaroth, et Edrai urbes regni Og in Basan: filiis Machir, filii Manasse, dimidiæ parti filiorum Machir iuxta cognationes suas.
{13:31} and one half part of Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, to the sons of Machir, the son of Manasseh, to one half part of the sons of Machir, according to their families.

{13:32} Hanc possessionem divisit Moyses in campestribus Moab trans Iordanem contra Iericho ad Orientalem plagam.
{13:32} Moses divided this possession, in the plains of Moab, beyond the Jordan, opposite Jericho on the eastern side.

{13:33} Tribui autem Levi non dedit possessionem: quoniam Dominus Deus Israel ipse est possessio eius, ut locutus est illi.
{13:33} But to the tribe of Levi he did not give a possession. For the Lord, the God of Israel, is himself their possession, just as he spoke to him.

[Iosue 14]
[Joshua 14]

{14:1} Hoc est, quod possederunt filii Israel in Terra Chanaan, quam dederunt eis Eleazar sacerdos, et Iosue filius Nun, et principes familiarum per tribus Israel:
{14:1} This is what the sons of Israel possessed in the land of Canaan, which Eleazar, the priest, and Joshua, the son of Nun, and the leaders of the families, by the tribes of Israel, gave to them,

{14:2} sorte omnia dividentes, sicut præceperat Dominus in manu Moysi, novem tribubus, et dimidiæ tribui.
{14:2} dividing all by lot, just as the Lord had instructed by the hand of Moses, to the nine tribes and to the one half tribe.

{14:3} Duabus enim tribubus, et dimidiæ dederat Moyses trans Iordanem possessionem: absque Levitis, qui nihil terræ acceperunt inter fratres suos:
{14:3} For to the two and one half tribes, Moses had given a possession beyond the Jordan, aside from the Levites, who received no land among their brothers.

{14:4} sed in eorum successerunt locum filii Ioseph in duas divisi tribus, Manasse et Ephraim: nec acceperunt Levitæ aliam in Terra partem, nisi urbes ad habitandum, et suburbana earum ad alenda iumenta et pecora sua.
{14:4} For by succession, the sons of Joseph, in their place, were divided into two tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim. But the Levites did not receive another portion of land, except cities in which to live, and their suburbs, so as to feed their beasts of burden and cattle.

{14:5} Sicut præceperat Dominus Moysi, ita fecerunt filii Israel, et diviserunt Terram.
{14:5} Just as the Lord had commanded Moses, so the sons of Israel did, and they divided the land.

{14:6} Accesserunt itaque filii Iuda ad Iosue in Galgala, locutusque est ad eum Caleb filius Iephone Cenezæus: Nosti quid locutus sit Dominus ad Moysen hominem Dei de me et te in Cadesbarne.
{14:6} And so, the sons of Judah approached Joshua at Gilgal. And Caleb, the son of Jephone, the Kenizzite, spoke to him: “You know what the Lord said to Moses, the man of God, at Kadesh-barnea, about me and you.

{14:7} Quadraginta annorum eram quando misit me Moyses famulus Domini de Cadesbarne, ut considerarem Terram, nunciavique ei quod mihi verum videbatur.
{14:7} I was forty years old when Moses, the servant of the Lord, sent me from Kadesh-barnea, so that I might consider the land. And I reported to him what seemed to me to be true.

{14:8} Fratres autem mei, qui ascenderant mecum, dissolverunt cor populi: et nihilominus ego secutus sum Dominum Deum meum.
{14:8} But my brothers, who had ascended with me, broke the heart of the people. And I nevertheless followed the Lord my God.

{14:9} Iuravitque Moyses in die illo, dicens: Terra, quam calcavit pes tuus, erit possessio tua, et filiorum tuorum in æternum: quia secutus es Dominum Deum meum.
{14:9} And Moses swore, on that day, saying: ‘The land that your foot has tread upon shall be your possession, and that of your sons, unto eternity. For you have followed the Lord my God.’

{14:10} Concessit ergo Dominus vitam mihi, sicut pollicitus est usque in præsentem diem. Quadraginta et quinque anni sunt, ex quo locutus est Dominus verbum istud ad Moysen, quando ambulabat Israel per solitudinem: hodie octoginta quinque annorum sum,
{14:10} Therefore, the Lord has granted life to me, just as he promised, even to the present day. It has been forty-five years since the Lord spoke this word to Moses, when Israel was wandering through the wilderness. Today, I am eighty-five years old,

{14:11} sic valens, ut eo valebam tempore quando ad explorandum missus sum: illius in me temporis fortitudo usque hodie perseverat, tam ad bellandum quam ad gradiendum.
{14:11} being just as strong as I was at that time, when I was sent to explore the land. The fortitude in me at that time continues even until today, as much to fight as to march.

{14:12} Da ergo mihi montem istum, quem pollicitus est Dominus, te quoque audiente, in quo Enacim sunt, et urbes magnæ atque munitæ: si forte sit Dominus mecum, et potuero delere eos: sicut promisit mihi.
{14:12} Therefore, grant to me this mountain, which the Lord has promised in your hearing also, on which are the Anakim, and cities, great and fortified. Perhaps it may be that the Lord will be with me, and I will be able to destroy them, just as he promised to me.”

{14:13} Benedixitque ei Iosue: et tradidit ei Hebron in possessionem.
{14:13} And Joshua blessed him, and he delivered Hebron to him as a possession.

{14:14} Atque ex eo fuit Hebron Caleb filio Iephone Cenezæo usque in præsentem diem: quia secutus est Dominum Deum Israel.
{14:14} And from then on, Hebron was for Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, the Kenizzite, even to the present day. For he followed the Lord, the God of Israel.

{14:15} Nomen Hebron ante vocabatur Cariath Arbe: Adam maximus ibi inter Enacim situs est: et Terra cessavit a præliis.
{14:15} Previously, the name Hebron was called Kiriath-Arba. Adam, the greatest among the Anakim, was laid there. And the land ceased from battles.

[Iosue 15]
[Joshua 15]

{15:1} Igitur sors filiorum Iudæ per cognationes suas ista fuit: A termino Edom, desertum Sin contra Meridiem, et usque ad extremam partem australis plagæ.
{15:1} And so, the lot of the sons of Judah, by their families, was this: from the border of Edom, to the desert of Sin toward the south, and even to the furthest part of the southern region.

{15:2} Initium eius a summitate maris salsissimi, et a lingua eius, quæ respicit Meridiem.
{15:2} Its beginning was from the summit of the very salty sea, and from its bay, which looks toward the south.

{15:3} Egrediturque contra Ascensum Scorpionis, et pertransit in Sina: ascenditque in Cadesbarne, et pervenit in Esron, ascendens ad Addar, et circuiens Carcaa,
{15:3} And it extends toward the ascent of the Scorpion, and it passes on to Sinai. And it ascends into Kadesh-barnea, and it passes through to Hezron, ascending to Addar, and encompassing Karka.

{15:4} atque inde pertransiens in Asemona, et perveniens ad Torrentem Ægypti: eruntque termini eius mare magnum. Hic erit finis meridianæ plagæ.
{15:4} And from there, it passes on to Azmon, and reaches to the torrent of Egypt. And its boundary shall be the great sea; this shall be the limit of the southern region.

{15:5} Ab Oriente vero erit initium, mare salsissimum usque ad extrema Iordanis: et ea quæ respiciunt ad Aquilonem a lingua maris usque ad eundem Iordanis fluvium.
{15:5} Yet truly, toward the east, the beginning shall be the very salty sea, even to the limit of the Jordan, and that which looks toward the north, from the bay of the sea, even to the same river Jordan.

{15:6} Ascenditque terminus in Beth-hagla, et transit ab Aquilone in Beth Araba: ascendens ad lapidem Boen filii Ruben.
{15:6} And the border ascends into Beth-hoglah, and it crosses from the north into Beth-Arabah, ascending to the stone of Bohan, the son of Reuben.

{15:7} Et tendens usque ad terminos Debera de Valle Achor, contra Aquilonem respiciens Galgala, quæ est ex adverso Ascensionis Adommim, ab australi parte torrentis: transitque aquas, quæ vocantur Fons Solis: et erunt exitus eius ad Fontem Rogel.
{15:7} And it reaches as far as the borders of Debara, from the Valley of Achor, to the north, looking toward Gilgal, which is opposite the Ascent of Adummim, on the southern part of the torrent. And it crosses the waters that are called the Fountain of the Sun. And its exit shall be at the Fountain of Rogel.

{15:8} Ascenditque per convallem filii Ennom ex latere Iebusæi ad Meridiem, hæc est Ierusalem: et inde se erigens ad verticem montis, qui est contra Geennom ad Occidentem in summitate Vallis Raphaim contra Aquilonem.
{15:8} And it ascends by the steep valley of the son of Hinnom, from the side of the Jebusite, toward the south; this is Jerusalem. And from there, it raises itself to the top of the mountain, which is opposite Geennom to the west, at the top of the Valley of the Rephaim, to the north.

{15:9} Pertransitque a vertice montis usque ad fontem aquæ Nephtoa: et pervenit usque ad vicos montis Ephron: inclinaturque in Baala, quæ est Cariathiarim, id est, urbs silvarum.
{15:9} And it passes through, from the top of the mountain, even to the fountain of the Water of Nephtoah. And it continues on, as far as the villages of mount Ephron. And it inclines toward Baalah, which is Kiriath-jearim, that is, the City of Forests.

{15:10} Et circuit de Baala contra Occidentem, usque ad montem Seir: transitque iuxta latus montis Iarim ad Aquilonem in Cheslon: et descendit in Bethsames, transitque in Thamna.
{15:10} And it circles from Baalah, to the west, as far as mount Seir. And it passes by the side of mount Jearim, to the north, into Chesalon. And it descends into Beth-shemesh, and it passes through to Timnah.

{15:11} Et pervenit contra Aquilonem partis Accaron ex latere: inclinaturque Sechrona, et transit montem Baala: pervenitque in Iebneel, et magni maris contra Occidentem fine concluditur.
{15:11} And it continues on, toward the north, to a region beside Ekron. And it inclines toward Shikkeron, and it crosses to mount Baalah. And it extends into Jabneel, and the last part closes at the west with the great sea.

{15:12} Hi sunt termini filiorum Iuda per circuitum in cognationibus suis.
{15:12} These are the borders of the sons of Judah, in their families, on all sides.

{15:13} Caleb vero filio Iephone dedit partem in medio filiorum Iuda, sicut præceperat ei Dominus: Cariath Arbe patris Enac, ipsa est Hebron.
{15:13} Yet truly, to Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, he gave a portion in the midst of the sons of Judah, just as the Lord had instructed him: the City of Arba, the father of Anak, which is Hebron.

{15:14} Delevitque ex ea Caleb tres filios Enac, Sesai et Ahiman et Tholmai de stirpe Enac.
{15:14} And Caleb destroyed from it the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, of the stock of Anak.

{15:15} Atque inde conscendens venit ad habitatores Dabir, quæ prius vocabatur Cariath Sepher, id est, civitas litterarum.
{15:15} And ascending further from there, he came to the inhabitants of Debir, which before was called Kiriath-Sepher, that is, the City of Letters.

{15:16} Dixitque Caleb: Qui percusserit Cariath Sepher, et ceperit eam, dabo ei Axam filiam meam uxorem.
{15:16} And Caleb said, “Whoever will have struck down Kiriath-Sepher, and will have seized it, I will give to him Achsah, my daughter, as wife.”

{15:17} Cepitque eam Othoniel filius Cenez frater Caleb iunior: deditque ei Axam filiam suam uxorem.
{15:17} And Othniel, the son of Kenaz, the younger brother of Caleb, seized it. And he gave him Achsah, his daughter, as wife.

{15:18} Quæ, cum pergerent simul, suasa est a viro suo ut peteret a patre suo agrum, suspiravitque ut sedebat in asino. Cui Caleb: Quid habes, inquit?
{15:18} And as they were traveling together, she was urged by her husband that she ask her father for a field. And she sighed, as she was sitting on her donkey. And Caleb said to her, “What is it?”

~ Literally, the question is ‘What do you have?’

{15:19} At illa respondit: Da mihi benedictionem: Terram australem et arentem dedisti mihi, iunge et irriguam. Dedit itaque ei Caleb irriguum superius et inferius.
{15:19} But she answered: “Give a blessing to me. You have given to me a southern and dry land; join to it also a watered land.” And so Caleb gave to her the watered land above and below it.

{15:20} Hæc est possessio tribus filiorum Iuda per cognationes suas.
{15:20} This is the possession of the tribe of the sons of Judah, by their families.

{15:21} Erantque civitates ab extremis partibus filiorum Iuda iuxta terminos Edom a Meridie: Cabseel et Eder et Iagur,
{15:21} And the cities, from the furthest parts of the sons of Judah, beside the borders of Edom to the south, were: Kabzeel and Eder and Jagur,

{15:22} et Cyna et Dimona et Adada,
{15:22} and Kinah and Dimonah and Adadah,

{15:23} et Cades, et Asor, et Iethnam,
{15:23} and Kadesh and Hazor and Ithnan,

{15:24} Ziph et Telem et Baloth,
{15:24} Ziph and Telem and Bealoth,

{15:25} Asor nova et Carioth Hesron, hæc est Asor,
{15:25} new Hazor and Kerioth-Hezron, which is Hazor,

{15:26} Amam, Sama, et Molada,
{15:26} Amam, Shema, and Moladah,

{15:27} et Asergadda et Hassemon et Bethphelet,
{15:27} and Hazar-gaddah and Heshmon and Bethpelet,

{15:28} et Hasersual et Bersabee et Baziothia,
{15:28} and Hazar-shual and Beersheba and Biziothiah,

{15:29} et Baala et Iim et Esem,
{15:29} and Baalah and Iim and Ezem,

{15:30} et Eltholad et Cesil et Harma,
{15:30} and Eltolad and Chesil and Hormah,

{15:31} et Siceleg et Medemena et Sensenna,
{15:31} and Ziklag and Madmannah and Sansannah,

{15:32} Lebaoth et Selim et Aen et Remon. Omnes civitates vigintinovem, et villæ earum.
{15:32} Lebaoth and Shilhim, and Ain and Rimmon. All the cities were twenty-nine, and their villages.

{15:33} In campestribus vero: Estaol et Sarea et Asena,
{15:33} Truly, in the plains, there were: Eshtaol and Zorah and Ashnah,

{15:34} et Zanoe et Ængannim et Taphua et Enaim,
{15:34} and Zanoah and Engannim, and Tappuah and Enam,

{15:35} et Ierimoth et Adullam, Socho et Azeca,
{15:35} and Jarmuth and Adullam, Socoh and Azekah,

{15:36} et Saraim et Adithaim et Gedera et Gederothaim: urbes quattuordecim, et villæ earum.
{15:36} and Shaaraim and Adithaim, and Gederah and Gederothaim: fourteen cities, and their villages.

{15:37} Sanan et Hadassa et Magdalgad,
{15:37} Zenan and Hadashah and Middalgad,

{15:38} Delean et Masepha et Iecthel,
{15:38} Dilean and Mizpeh and Joktheel,

{15:39} Lachis et Bascath et Eglon,
{15:39} Lachish and Bozkath and Eglon,

{15:40} Chebbon et Leheman et Cethlis,
{15:40} Cabbon and Lahmam and Chitlish,

{15:41} et Gideroth et Bethdagon et Naama et Maceda: civitates sedecim, et villæ earum.
{15:41} and Gederoth and Bethdagon, and Naamah and Makkedah: sixteen cities, and their villages.

{15:42} Labana et Ether et Asan,
{15:42} Libnah and Ether and Ashan,

{15:43} Iephtha et Esna et Nesib,
{15:43} Iphtah and Ashnah and Nezib,

{15:44} et Ceila et Achzib et Maresa: civitates novem, et villæ earum.
{15:44} and Keilah and Achzib and Mareshah: nine cities, and their villages.

{15:45} Accaron cum vicis et villulis suis.
{15:45} Ekron, with its towns and villages:

{15:46} Ab Accaron usque ad mare: omnia quæ vergunt ad Azotum et viculos eius.
{15:46} from Ekron, as far as the sea, all that inclines toward Ashdod, and its villages.

{15:47} Azotus cum vicis et villulis suis. Gaza cum vicis et villulis suis, usque ad torrentem Ægypti, et mare magnum terminus eius.
{15:47} Ashdod, with its towns and villages. Gaza, with its towns and villages, as far as the torrent of Egypt, with the great sea as its border.

{15:48} Et in monte: Samir et Iether et Socoth,
{15:48} And on the mountain, Shamir and Jattir and Socoh,

{15:49} et Danna et Cariathsenna, hæc est Dabir:
{15:49} and Dannah, and Kiriath-Sannah, which is Debir,

{15:50} Anab et Istemo et Anim,
{15:50} Anab and Eshtemoh and Anim,

{15:51} Gosen et Olon et Gilo: civitates undecim et villæ earum.
{15:51} Goshen and Holon and Giloh: eleven cities, and their villages.

{15:52} Arab et Ruma et Esaan,
{15:52} Arab and Dumah and Eshan,

{15:53} et Ianum et Beththaphua et Apheca,
{15:53} and Janim and Beth-Tappuah and Aphekah,

{15:54} Athmatha et Cariath Arbe, hæc est Hebron, et Sior: civitates novem, et villæ earum.
{15:54} Humtah and Kiriath-Arba, which is Hebron, and Zior: nine cities, and their villages.

{15:55} Maon et Carmel et Ziph et Iota,
{15:55} Maon and Carmel, and Ziph and Juttah,

{15:56} Iezrael et Iucadam et Zanoe,
{15:56} Jezreel and Jokdeam and Zanoah,

{15:57} Accain, Gabaa et Thamna: civitates decem, et villæ earum.
{15:57} Kain, Gibeah, and Timnah: ten cities, and their villages.

{15:58} Halhul, et Besur, et Gedor,
{15:58} Halhul and Bethzur and Gedor,

{15:59} Mareth, et Bethanoth, et Eltecon: civitates sex et villæ earum.
{15:59} Maarath and Bethanoth and Eltekon: six cities, and their villages.

{15:60} Cariathbaal, hæc est Cariathiarim urbs silvarum, et Arebba: civitates duæ, et villæ earum.
{15:60} Kiriath-baal, which is Kiriath-jearim, the City of Forests, and Rabbah: two cities, and their villages.

{15:61} In deserto Betharaba, Meddin, et Sachacha,
{15:61} In the desert: Beth-Arabah, Middin, and Secacah,

{15:62} et Nebsan, et civitas salis, et Engaddi: civitates sex, et villæ earum.
{15:62} and Nibshan, and the City of Salt, and Engedi: six cities, and their villages.

{15:63} Iebusæum autem habitatorem Ierusalem non potuerunt filii Iuda delere: habitavitque Iebusæus cum filiis Iuda in Ierusalem usque in præsentem diem.
{15:63} But the sons of Judah were not able to destroy the Jebusite inhabitants of Jerusalem. And so the Jebusite lived with the sons of Judah in Jerusalem, even to the present day.

[Iosue 16]
[Joshua 16]

{16:1} Cecidit quoque sors filiorum Ioseph ab Iordane contra Iericho et aquas eius ab Oriente: solitudo quæ ascendit de Iericho ad montem Bethel:
{16:1} Similarly, the lot of the sons of Joseph fell from the Jordan, opposite Jericho and its waters, to the east, to the wilderness that ascends from Jericho to the mountain of Bethel.

{16:2} et egreditur de Bethel Luza: transitque terminum Archi, Ataroth.
{16:2} And it goes out from Bethel to Luz. And it crosses the border of Archi to Ataroth.

{16:3} Et descendit ad Occidentem iuxta terminum Iephleti, usque ad terminos Beth horon inferioris, et Gazer: finiunturque regiones eius mari magno:
{16:3} And it descends to the west, beside the border of Japhleti, as far as the borders of lower Beth-horon, and to Gezer. And the last parts of its regions are by the great sea.

{16:4} possederuntque filii Ioseph, Manasses et Ephraim.
{16:4} And Manasseh and Ephraim, the sons of Joseph, possessed it.

{16:5} Et factus est terminus filiorum Ephraim per cognationes suas: et possessio eorum contra Orientem Ataroth addar usque Beth horon superiorem.
{16:5} And the border of the sons of Ephraim was made by their families. And their possession toward the east was from Ataroth-addar, as far as upper Beth-horon,

{16:6} Egrediunturque confinia in mare: Machmethath vero Aquilonem respicit, et circuit terminos contra Orientem in Thanathselo: et pertransit ab Oriente Ianoe.
{16:6} and the confines extend to the sea. Yet truly, Michmethath looks toward the north, and it circles around the borders, toward the east, into Taanath-shiloh. And it continues on, from the east, to Janoah.

{16:7} Descenditque de Ianoe in Ataroth et Naaratha: et pervenit in Iericho, egrediturque ad Iordanem.
{16:7} And it descends from Janoah to Ataroth and Naarah. and it continues to Jericho, and it extends to the Jordan.

{16:8} De Taphua pertransit contra mare in Vallem Arundineti, suntque egressus eius in mare salsissimum. Hæc est possessio tribus filiorum Ephraim per familias suas.
{16:8} From Tappuah, it passes on, opposite the sea, into the Valley of Reeds. And its exit is at the very salty sea. This is the possession of the tribe of the sons of Ephraim, by their families.

{16:9} Urbesque separatæ sunt filiis Ephraim in medio possessionis filiorum Manasse, et villæ earum.
{16:9} And there were cities, with their villages, which were set aside for the sons of Ephraim, in the midst of the possession of the sons of Manasseh.

{16:10} Et non interfecerunt filii Ephraim Chananæum, qui habitabat in Gazer: habitavitque Chananæus in medio Ephraim usque in diem hanc tributarius.
{16:10} And the sons of Ephraim did not put to death the Canaanite that was living at Gezer. And the Canaanite lived in the midst of Ephraim, even to this day, paying tribute.

[Iosue 17]
[Joshua 17]

{17:1} Cecidit autem sors tribui Manasse: (ipse enim est primogenitus Ioseph) Machir primogenito Manasse patri Galaad, qui fuit vir pugnator, habuitque possessionem Galaad et Basan:
{17:1} Now this lot fell to the tribe of Manasseh, since he is the firstborn of Joseph: to Machir, the firstborn of Manasseh, the father of Gilead, who was a fighting man, and he had as a possession Gilead and Bashan;

{17:2} et reliquis filiorum Manasse iuxta familias suas, filiis Abiezer, et filiis Helec, et filiis Esriel, et filiis Sechem, et filiis Hepher, et filiis Semida. Isti sunt filii Manasse filii Ioseph, mares, per cognationes suas.
{17:2} and to the rest of the sons of Manasseh, according to their families: to the sons of Abiezer, and to the sons of Helek, and to the sons of Asriel, and to the sons of Shechem, and to the sons of Hepher, and to the sons of Shemida. These are the sons of Manasseh, the son of Joseph, the males, by their families.

{17:3} Salphaad vero filio Hepher filii Galaad filii Machir filii Manasse non erant filii, sed solæ filiæ: quarum ista sunt nomina, Maala et Noa et Hegla et Melcha et Thersa.
{17:3} Yet truly, Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons, but only daughters, whose names are these: Mahlah and Noah and Hoglah and Milcah and Tirzah.

{17:4} Veneruntque in conspectu Eleazari sacerdotis, et Iosue filii Nun, et principum dicentes: Dominus præcepit per manum Moysi, ut daretur nobis possessio in medio fratrum nostrorum. Deditque eis iuxta imperium Domini possessionem in medio fratrum patris earum.
{17:4} And they went before the sight of Eleazar, the priest, and Joshua, the son of Nun, and the leaders, saying: “The Lord instructed by the hand of Moses that a possession ought to be given to us, in the midst of our brothers.” And so, he gave to them, in accord with the order of the Lord, a possession in the midst of the brothers of their father.

{17:5} Et ceciderunt funiculi Manasse, decem, absque Terra Galaad et Basan trans Iordanem.
{17:5} And by lot, there fell ten portions to Manasseh, aside from the land of Gilead and Bashan beyond the Jordan.

{17:6} Filiæ enim Manasse possederunt hereditatem in medio filiorum eius. Terra autem Galaad cecidit in sortem filiorum Manasse qui reliqui erant.
{17:6} And so the daughters of Manasseh possessed an inheritance in the midst of his sons. But the land of Gilead fell by lot to the sons of Manasseh that were left.

{17:7} Fuitque terminus Manasse ab Aser, Machmethath quæ respicit Sichem: et egreditur ad dexteram iuxta habitatores Fontis Taphuæ.
{17:7} And the border of Manasseh was from Asher to Michmethath, which looks out toward Shechem. And it goes out, to the right, beside the inhabitants of the Fountain of Tappuah.

{17:8} Etenim in sorte Manasse ceciderat Terra Taphuæ, quæ est iuxta terminos Manasse filiorum Ephraim.
{17:8} For by lot, there also fell to Manasseh the land of Tappuah, which is beside the borders of Manasseh, and which belongs to the sons of Ephraim.

{17:9} Descenditque terminus Vallis Arundineti in meridiem torrentis civitatum Ephraim, quæ in medio sunt urbium Manasse: terminus Manasse ab Aquilone torrentis, et exitus eius pergit ad mare:
{17:9} And the border descends to the Valley of Reeds, to the south of the torrent of the cities of Ephraim, which are in the midst of the cities of Manasseh. The border of Manasseh is to the north of the torrent, and its exit extends to the sea.

{17:10} ita ut possessio Ephraim sit ab Austro, et ab Aquilone Manasse, et utramque claudat mare, et coniungantur sibi in tribu Aser ab Aquilone, et in tribu Issachar ab Oriente.
{17:10} So it is that the possession of Ephraim is in the south, and that of Manasseh is in the north, and both are enclosed by the sea, and they are joined together by the tribe of Asher to the north, and by the tribe of Issachar to the east.

{17:11} Fuitque hereditas Manasse in Issachar et in Aser, Bethsan et viculi eius, et Ieblaam cum viculis suis, et habitatores Dor cum oppidis suis, habitatores quoque Endor cum viculis suis: similiterque habitatores Thenac cum viculis suis, et habitatores Mageddo cum viculis suis, et tertia pars urbis Nopheth.
{17:11} And the inheritance of Manasseh, in Issachar and in Asher, was Bethshean and its villages, and Ibleam with its villages, and the inhabitants of Dor, with their towns, likewise the inhabitants of Endor with their villages, and similarly the inhabitants of Taanach with their villages, and the inhabitants of Megiddo with their villages, and one third part of the city of Naphath.

{17:12} Nec potuerunt filii Manasse has civitates subvertere, sed cœpit Chananæus habitare in terra sua.
{17:12} The sons of Manasseh were not able to overthrow these cities, and so the Canaanite began to dwell in their land.

{17:13} Postquam autem convaluerunt filii Israel, subiecerunt Chananæos, et fecerunt sibi tributarios, nec interfecerunt eos.
{17:13} But after the sons of Israel had grown strong, they subdued the Canaanites, and made them their tributaries, but they did not kill them.

{17:14} Locutique sunt filii Ioseph ad Iosue, et dixerunt: Quare dedisti mihi possessionem sortis et funiculi unius, cum sim tantæ multitudinis, et benedixerit mihi Dominus?
{17:14} And the sons of Joseph spoke to Joshua, and they said, “Why have you given to me as a possession one lot and one portion, while I am of such a great multitude, and the Lord has blessed me?”

{17:15} Ad quos Iosue ait: Si populus multus es, ascende in silvam, et succide tibi spatia in Terra Pherezæi et Raphaim: quia angusta est tibi possessio montis Ephraim.
{17:15} And Joshua said to them, “If you are a numerous people, go up into the forest, and cut out space for yourself in the land of the Perizzites and the Rephaim, since the possession of mount Ephraim is too narrow for you.”

{17:16} Cui responderunt filii Ioseph: Non poterimus ad montana conscendere, cum ferreis curribus utantur Chananæi, qui habitant in terra campestri, in qua sitæ sunt Bethsan cum viculis suis, et Iezrael mediam possidens vallem.
{17:16} And the sons of Joseph responded to him: “We are not able to ascend to the mountains, since the Canaanites, who live in the plains, in which are situated Bethshean, with its villages, and Jezreel, possessing the middle of the valley, use chariots of iron.”

{17:17} Dixitque Iosue ad domum Ioseph, Ephraim et Manasse: Populus multus es, et magnæ fortitudinis, non habebis sortem unam,
{17:17} And Joshua said to the house of Joseph, to Ephraim and Manasseh: “You are a numerous people, and you have great strength. You shall not have only one lot.

{17:18} sed transibis ad montem, et succides tibi, atque purgabis ad habitandum spatia: et poteris ultra procedere cum subverteris Chananæum, quem dicis ferreos habere currus, et esse fortissimum.
{17:18} Instead, you shall cross to the mountain, and you shall cut down and clear out for yourselves space in which to live. And you shall be able to advance further, when you will have destroyed the Canaanite, who, as you say, has iron chariots and is very strong.”

[Iosue 18]
[Joshua 18]

{18:1} Congregatique sunt omnes filii Israel in Silo, ibique fixerunt tabernaculum testimonii, et fuit eis Terra subiecta.
{18:1} And all the sons of Israel gathered together at Shiloh, and there they stationed the Tabernacle of the Testimony. And the land was subjected to them.

{18:2} Remanserant autem filiorum Israel septem tribus, quæ necdum acceperant possessiones suas.
{18:2} But there remained seven tribes of the sons of Israel which had not yet received their possessions.

{18:3} Ad quos Iosue ait: Usquequo marcetis ignavia, et non intratis ad possidendam Terram, quam Dominus Deus patrum vestrorum dedit vobis?
{18:3} And Joshua said to them: “For how long will you draw back in idleness, and not enter to possess the land, which the Lord, the God of your fathers, has given to you?

{18:4} Eligite de singulis tribubus ternos viros, ut mittam eos, et pergant atque circumeant Terram, et describant eam iuxta numerum uniuscuiusque multitudinis: referantque ad me quod descripserint.
{18:4} Select three men from each tribe, so that I may send them, and they may go forth and circle through the land, and may describe it according to the number of each multitude, and may bring back to me what they have written down.

{18:5} Dividite vobis Terram in septem partes: Iudas sit in terminis suis ab australi plaga, et domus Ioseph ab Aquilone.
{18:5} Divide the land for yourselves into seven parts. Let Judah be its bounds on the southern side, and the house of Joseph to the north.

{18:6} Mediam inter hos Terram in septem partes describite: et huc venietis ad me, ut coram Domino Deo vestro mittam vobis hic sortem:
{18:6} The land that is in the middle, between these, write it down in seven parts. And you shall come to me, so that I may cast lots for you about this, before the Lord your God.

{18:7} quia non est inter vos pars Levitarum, sed sacerdotium Domini est eorum hereditas. Gad autem et Ruben, et dimidia tribus Manasse iam acceperant possessiones suas trans Iordanem ad Orientalem plagam: quas dedit eis Moyses famulus Domini.
{18:7} But there is no portion among you for the Levites. Instead, the priesthood of the Lord is their inheritance. And Gad and Reuben, and the one half tribe of Manasseh, have already received their possessions beyond the Jordan in the eastern region, which Moses, the servant of the Lord, gave to them.”

{18:8} Cumque surrexissent viri, ut pergerent ad describendam terram, præcepit eis Iosue, dicens: Circuite Terram, et describite eam, ac revertimini ad me: ut hic coram Domino, in Silo, mittam vobis sortem.
{18:8} And when the men had risen up, so that they might go out to describe the land, Joshua instructed them, saying, “Circle through the land, and describe it, and return to me, so that I may cast lots for you about this, before the Lord, in Shiloh.”

{18:9} Itaque perrexerunt: et lustrantes eam, in septem partes diviserunt, scribentes in volumine. Reversique sunt ad Iosue in castra Silo.
{18:9} And so they went out. And surveying it, they divided it into seven parts, writing it in a book. And they returned to Joshua, to the camp at Shiloh.

{18:10} Qui misit sortes coram Domino in Silo, divisitque Terram filiis Israel in septem partes.
{18:10} And he cast lots before the Lord, at Shiloh, and he divided the land to the sons of Israel, in seven parts.

{18:11} Et ascendit sors prima filiorum Beniamin per familias suas, ut possiderent Terram inter filios Iuda et filios Ioseph.
{18:11} And the first lot went to the sons of Benjamin, by their families, so that they would possess the land between the sons of Judah and the sons of Joseph.

{18:12} Fuitque terminus eorum contra Aquilonem a Iordane: pergens iuxta latus Iericho septentrionalis plagæ, et inde contra Occidentem ad montana conscendens, et perveniens ad solitudinem Bethaven,
{18:12} And their border toward the north was from the Jordan, continuing on, near the side of Jericho in the northern region, and from there, ascending toward the west to the mountains, and extending to the wilderness of Bethaven.

{18:13} atque pertransiens iuxta Luzam ad Meridiem, ipsa est Bethel: descenditque in Ataroth addar in montem, qui est ad Meridiem Beth horon inferioris:
{18:13} And it continues to the south beside Luz, which is Bethel. And it descends into Ataroth-addar, at the mountain which is to the south of lower Beth-horon.

{18:14} Et inclinatur circuiens contra mare ad Meridiem montis qui respicit Beth horon contra Africum: suntque exitus eius in Cariath baal, quæ vocatur et Cariathiarim, urbem filiorum Iuda. Hæc est plaga contra mare, ad Occidentem.
{18:14} And it turns aside, circling toward the sea, to the south of the mountain which looks out toward Beth-horon, toward the southwest. And its exits are toward Kiriath-baal, which is also called Kiriath-jearim, a city of the sons of Judah. This is their region, toward the sea, in the west.

{18:15} A Meridie autem ex parte Cariathiarim egreditur terminus contra mare, et pervenit usque ad fontem aquarum Nephtoa.
{18:15} But to the south, the border goes on from the part of Kiriath-jearim toward the sea, and it continues as far as the Fountain of the waters of Nephtoah.

{18:16} Descenditque in partem montis, qui respicit Vallem filiorum Ennom: et est contra septentrionalem plagam in extrema parte Vallis Raphaim. Descenditque in Geennom (id est, Vallem Ennom) iuxta latus Iebusæi ad Austrum: et pervenit ad Fontem Rogel,
{18:16} And it descends to that part of the mountain which looks out toward the Valley of the sons of Hinnom. And it is opposite the northern region, in the furthest part of the Valley of the Rephaim. And it descends into Geennom, (that is, the Valley of Hinnom,) near the side of the Jebusite toward the south. And it extends to the Fountain of Rogel,

{18:17} transiens ad Aquilonem, et egrediens ad Ensemes, id est, Fontem Solis:
{18:17} crossing from there to the north, and going out to En-Shemesh, that is, to the Fountain of the Sun.

{18:18} et pertransit usque ad tumulos, qui sunt e regione Ascensus Adommim: descenditque ad Abenboen, id est, lapidem Boen filii Ruben: et pertransit ex latere Aquilonis ad campestria: descenditque in planitiem,
{18:18} And it passes through to the hills that are opposite the region of the Ascent of Adummim. And it descends to Abenboen, that is, so the stone of Bohan, the son of Reuben. And it continues on, at the northern side, to the plains. And it descends into the flatlands.

{18:19} et prætergreditur contra Aquilonem Beth hagla: suntque exitus eius contra linguam maris salsissimi ab Aquilone in fine Iordanis ad australem plagam:
{18:19} And it advances before Beth-hoglah, to the north. And its exits are to the north, opposite the bay of the very salty sea, in the southern region at the end of the Jordan,

{18:20} qui est terminus illius ab Oriente. Hæc est possessio filiorum Beniamin per terminos suos in circuitu, et familias suas.
{18:20} which is its border to the east. This is the possession of the sons of Benjamin, with their borders all around, and by their families.

{18:21} Fueruntque civitates eius, Iericho et Beth hagla et Vallis Casis,
{18:21} And their cities were: Jericho and Beth-hoglah and the Abrupt Valley,

{18:22} Beth Araba et Samaraim et Bethel,
{18:22} Beth-arabah and Zemaraim and Bethel,

{18:23} et Avim et Aphara et Ophera,
{18:23} and Avvim and Parah and Ophrah,

{18:24} villa Emona et Ophni et Gabee: civitates duodecim, et villæ earum.
{18:24} the town of Ammoni, and Ophni, and Geba: twelve cities, and their villages;

{18:25} Gabaon et Rama et Beroth,
{18:25} Gibeon and Ramah and Beeroth,

{18:26} et Mesphe et Caphara et Amosa,
{18:26} and Mizpeh and Chephirah and Mozah,

{18:27} et Recem, Iarephel, et Tharela,
{18:27} and Rekem, Irpeel, and Taralah,

{18:28} et Sela, Eleph, et Iebus, quæ est Ierusalem, Gabaath et Cariath: civitates quattuordecim, et villæ earum. Hæc est possessio filiorum Beniamin iuxta familias suas.
{18:28} and Zela, Haeleph, and Jebus, which is Jerusalem, Gibeah and Kiriath: fourteen cities, and their villages. This is the possession of the sons of Benjamin, according to their families.

[Iosue 19]
[Joshua 19]

{19:1} Et egressa est sors secunda filiorum Simeon per cognationes suas: fuitque hereditas eorum
{19:1} And the second lot went out, for the sons of Simeon by their families. And their inheritance was,

{19:2} in medio possessionis filiorum Iuda: Bersabee et Sabee et Molada,
{19:2} in the midst of the possession of the sons of Judah: Beersheba, and Sheba, and Moladah,

{19:3} et Hasersual, Bala et Asem,
{19:3} and Hazar-shual, Balah, and Ezem,

{19:4} et Eltholad, Bethul et Harma,
{19:4} and Eltolad, Bethul, and Hormah,

{19:5} et Siceleg et Bethmarchaboth et Hasersusa,
{19:5} and Ziklag, and Beth-marcaboth, and Hazar-susah,

{19:6} et Bethlebaoth et Sarohen: civitates tredecim, et villæ earum.
{19:6} and Bethlebaoth, and Sharuhen: thirteen cities, and their villages;

{19:7} Ain et Remmon et Athar et Asan: civitates quattuor, et villæ earum:
{19:7} Ain and Enrimmon, and Ether and Ashan: four cities, and their villages;

{19:8} omnes viculi per circuitum urbium istarum usque ad Baalath Beer Ramath contra australem plagam. Hæc est hereditas filiorum Simeon iuxta cognationes suas,
{19:8} all villages around these cities, as far as Baalath-beer, the high place facing the southern region. This is the inheritance of the sons of Simeon, according to their families,

~ Ramath means the high place or the heights.

{19:9} in possessione et funiculo filiorum Iuda: quia maior erat, et idcirco filii Simeon possederunt in medio hereditatis eorum.
{19:9} within the possession and lot of the sons of Judah, which was greater. And for this reason, the sons of Simeon had a possession in the midst of their inheritance.

{19:10} Ceciditque sors tertia filiorum Zabulon per cognationes suas: factus est terminus possessionis eorum usque Sarid.
{19:10} And the third lot fell to the sons of Zebulun, by their families; and the limit of their possession was set as far as Sarid.

{19:11} Ascenditque de mari et Merala, et pervenit in Debbaseth, usque ad torrentem qui est contra Ieconam.
{19:11} And it ascends from the sea and from Mareal. And it passes on to Dabbesheth, as far as the torrent, which is opposite Jokneam.

{19:12} Et revertitur de Sared contra Orientem in fines Ceseleththabor: et egreditur ad Dabereth, ascenditque contra Iaphie.
{19:12} And it turns back from Sarid, to the east, to the end of Chisloth-tabor. And it goes out to Daberath, and it ascends opposite Japhia.

{19:13} Et inde pertransit usque ad orientalem plagam Gethhepher et Thacasin: et egreditur in Remmon, Amthar et Noa.
{19:13} And from there, it continues to the eastern region of Gathhepher and Ethkazin. And goes out to Rimmon, Amthar, and Neah.

{19:14} Et circuit ad Aquilonem Hanathon: suntque egressus eius Vallis Iephthael,
{19:14} And it circles to the north at Hannathon. And its exits are at the Valley of Iphtahel;

{19:15} et Cateth et Naalol et Semeron et Ierala et Bethlehem: civitates duodecim, et villæ earum.
{19:15} and Kattath and Nahalal, and Shimron and Idalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities, and their villages.

{19:16} Hæc est hereditas tribus filiorum Zabulon per cognationes suas, urbes et viculi earum.
{19:16} This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Zebulun, by their families, the cities and their villages.

{19:17} Issachar egressa est sors quarta per cognationes suas.
{19:17} The fourth lot went out to Issachar, by their families.

{19:18} Fuitque eius hereditas Iezrael et Casaloth et Sunem
{19:18} And his inheritance was: Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

{19:19} et Hapharaim et Seon, et Anaharath
{19:19} and Hapharaim, and Shion, and Anaharath,

{19:20} et Rabboth et Cesion, Abes,
{19:20} and Rabbith and Kishion, Ebez

{19:21} et Rameth, et Engannim, et Enhadda et Bethpheses.
{19:21} and Remeth, and Engannim, and Enhaddah, and Bethpazzez.

{19:22} Et pervenit terminus eius usque Thabor et Sehesima et Bethsames: eruntque exitus eius Iordanis: civitates sedecim, et villæ earum.
{19:22} And its limit reaches to Tabor and Shahazumah and Beth-shemesh; and its exits shall be at the Jordan: sixteen cities, and their villages.

{19:23} Hæc est possessio filiorum Issachar per cognationes suas, urbes, et viculi earum.
{19:23} This is the possession of the sons of Issachar by their families, the cities and their villages.

{19:24} Ceciditque sors quinta tribui filiorum Aser per cognationes suas:
{19:24} And the fifth lot fell to the tribe of the sons of Asher, by their families.

{19:25} fuitque terminus eorum Halcath et Chali et Beten et Axaph
{19:25} And their border was: Helkath, and Hali, and Beten, and Achshaph,

{19:26} et Elmelech et Amaad et Messal: et pervenit usque ad Carmelum maris et Sihor et Labanath.
{19:26} and Allammelech, and Amad, and Mishal. And it extends even to Carmel by the sea, and Shihor, and Libnath.

{19:27} Ac revertitur contra orientem Bethdagon: et pertransit usque Zabulon et Vallem Iephthael contra Aquilonem in Bethemec et Nehiel. Egrediturque ad lævam Cabul,
{19:27} And it turns back toward the east at Bethdagon. And it continues on as far as Zebulun and the Valley of Iphtahel, toward the north, at Beth-emek and Neiel. And it goes out to the left of Cabul,

{19:28} et Abran et Rohob et Hamon et Cana, usque ad Sidonem magnam.
{19:28} and to Ebron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and Kanah, as far as the great Sidon.

{19:29} Revertiturque in Horma usque ad civitatem munitissimam Tyrum, et usque Hosa: eruntque exitus eius in mare de funiculo Achziba:
{19:29} And it turns back at Ramah, even to the very fortified city of Tyre, and even to Hosah. And its exits shall be at the sea, from the lot of Achzib;

{19:30} et Amma et Aphec et Rohob: civitates viginti duæ, et villæ earum.
{19:30} and Ummah, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty-two cities, and their villages.

{19:31} Hæc est possessio filiorum Aser per cognationes suas, urbesque et viculi earum.
{19:31} This is the possession of the sons of Asher, by their families, and the cities and their villages.

{19:32} Filiorum Nephthali sexta sors cecidit per familias suas:
{19:32} The sixth lot fell to the sons of Naphtali, by their families.

{19:33} et cœpit terminus de Heleph et Elon in Saananim, et Adami, quæ est Neceb, et Iebnael usque Lecum: et egressus eorum usque ad Iordanem:
{19:33} And its border begins from Heleph and Elon, into Zaanannim, and Adami, which is Nekeb, and Jabneel, as far as Lakkum. And its exits are as far as the Jordan.

{19:34} revertiturque terminus contra Occidentem in Azanotthabor, atque inde egreditur in Hucuca, et pertransit in Zabulon contra Meridiem, et in Aser contra Occidentem, et in Iuda ad Iordanem contra ortum solis.
{19:34} And the border turns back to the west at Aznoth-tabor, and it goes out from there to Hukkok. And continues on to Zebulun, in the south, and to Asher, in the west, and to Judah, at the Jordan, toward the rising of the sun.

{19:35} Civitates munitissimæ, Assedim, Ser, et Emath, et Reccath et Cenereth,
{19:35} And the most fortified cities are Ziddim, Zer and Hammath, and Rakkath, and Chinnereth,

{19:36} et Edema et Arama, Asor
{19:36} and Adamah and Ramah, Hazor

{19:37} et Cedes et Edrai, Enhasor
{19:37} and Kedesh and Edrei, Enhazor

{19:38} et Ieron et Magdalel, Horem et Bethanath et Bethsames: civitates decem et novem, et villæ earum.
{19:38} and Yiron and Migdalel, Horem and Bethanath, and Beth-shemesh: nineteen cities, and their villages.

{19:39} Hæc est possessio tribus filiorum Nephthali per cognationes suas, urbes et viculi earum.
{19:39} This is the possession of the tribe of the sons of Naphtali, by their families, the cities and their villages.

{19:40} Tribui filiorum Dan per familias suas egressa est sors septima:
{19:40} The seventh lot went out to the tribe of the sons of Dan, by their families.

{19:41} et fuit terminus possessionis eius Sara et Esthaol, et Hirsemes, id est, civitas solis.
{19:41} And the border of their possession was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Ir-shemesh, that is, the City of the Sun,

{19:42} Selebin et Aialon et Iethela,
{19:42} Sha-alabbin, and Aijalon, and Ithlah,

{19:43} Elon et Themna et Acron,
{19:43} Elon, and Timnah, and Ekron,

{19:44} Elthece, Gebbethon et Balaath,
{19:44} Eltekeh, Gibbethon and Baalath,

{19:45} et Iud et Bane et Barach et Gethremmon:
{19:45} and Jehud, and Bene and Berak, and Gath-Rimmon,

{19:46} et Meiarcon et Arecon, cum termino qui respicit Ioppen,
{19:46} and Mejarkon and Rakkon, with a border that looks toward Joppa,

{19:47} et ipso fine concluditur. Ascenderuntque filii Dan, et pugnaverunt contra Lesem, ceperuntque eam: et percusserunt eam in ore gladii, et possederunt, et habitaverunt in ea, vocantes nomen eius Lesem Dan, ex nomine Dan patris sui.
{19:47} and there the last part is concluded. And the sons of Dan ascended and fought against Leshem, and they seized it. And they struck it with the mouth of the sword, and they possessed it, and they lived in it, calling it by the name of Leshem-Dan, according to the name of their father Dan.

{19:48} Hæc est possessio tribus filiorum Dan, per cognationes suas, urbes et viculi earum.
{19:48} This is the possession of the tribe of the sons of Dan, by their families, the cities and their villages.

{19:49} Cumque complesset sorte dividere Terram singulis per tribus suas, dederunt filii Israel possessionem Iosue filio Nun in medio sui,
{19:49} And when he had completed dividing the land by lot to each one by their tribes, the sons of Israel gave a possession to Joshua, the son of Nun, in their midst,

{19:50} iuxta præceptum Domini, urbem quam postulavit, Thamnath Saraa in monte Ephraim: et ædificavit civitatem, habitavitque in ea.
{19:50} in accord with the precept of the Lord, the city he requested, Timnath-Serah, on mount Ephraim. And he built up the city, and he lived in it.

{19:51} Hæ sunt possessiones, quas sorte diviserunt Eleazar sacerdos, et Iosue filius Nun, et principes familiarum, ac tribuum filiorum Israel in Silo, coram Domino ad ostium tabernaculi testimonii, partitique sunt Terram.
{19:51} These are the possessions which Eleazar, the priest, and Joshua, the son of Nun, and the leaders of the families and tribes of the sons of Israel divided by lot at Shiloh, before the Lord, at the door of the Tabernacle of the Testimony. And so did they divide the land.

[Iosue 20]
[Joshua 20]

{20:1} Et locutus est Dominus ad Iosue, dicens: Loquere filiis Israel, et dic eis:
{20:1} And the Lord spoke to Joshua, saying: “Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them:

{20:2} Separate urbes fugitivorum, de quibus locutus sum ad vos per manum Moysi;
{20:2} Separate the cities of refuge, about which I spoke to you by the hand of Moses,

{20:3} ut confugiat ad eas quicumque animam percusserit nescius: et possit evadere iram proximi, qui ultor est sanguinis:
{20:3} so that anyone who will have struck down a life unintentionally may flee to them. And so, he may be able to escape from the wrath of a close relative, who is an avenger of blood.

{20:4} cum ad unam harum confugerit civitatum, stabit ante portam civitatis, et loquetur senioribus urbis illius ea, quæ se comprobent innocentem: sicque suscipient eum, et dabunt ei locum ad habitandum.
{20:4} And when he will have fled to one of these cities, he shall stand before the gate of the city, and he shall speak to the ancients of that city, the things that prove him innocent. And so shall they receive him, and give him a place in which to live.

{20:5} Cumque ultor sanguinis eum fuerit persecutus, non tradent in manus eius: quia ignorans percussit proximum eius, nec ante biduum, triduumve eius probatur inimicus.
{20:5} And if the avenger of blood will have pursued him, they shall not deliver him into his hands. For he struck down his neighbor unknowingly, one who was not proven to have been his enemy two or three days before.

{20:6} Et habitabit in civitate illa, donec stet ante iudicium causam reddens facti sui, et moriatur sacerdos magnus, qui fuerit in illo tempore: tunc revertetur homicida, et ingredietur civitatem et domum suam de qua fugerat.
{20:6} And he shall live in that city, until he stands before judgment in order to render the facts of his case, and until the death of the high priest, whoever it will be in that time. Then the one who killed a man may return, and he may enter his own city and house, from which he had fled.”

{20:7} Decreveruntque Cedes in Galilæa montis Nephthali, et Sichem in monte Ephraim, et Cariatharbe, ipsa est Hebron in monte Iuda.
{20:7} And they decreed Kedesh in Galilee, at mount Naphtali, and Shechem, at mount Ephraim, and Kiriath-Arba, which is Hebron, at mount Judah.

{20:8} Et trans Iordanem contra Orientalem plagam Iericho, statuerunt Bosor, quæ sita est in campestri solitudine de tribu Ruben, et Ramoth in Galaad de tribu Gad, et Gaulon in Basan de tribu Manasse.
{20:8} And beyond the Jordan, opposite the eastern side of Jericho, they appointed Bezer, which is situated on the plain of the wilderness of the tribe of Reuben, and Ramoth in Gilead of the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan of the tribe of Manasseh.

{20:9} Hæ civitates constitutæ sunt cunctis filiis Israel, et advenis, qui habitabant inter eos: ut fugeret ad eas qui animam nescius percussisset, et non moreretur in manu proximi, effusum sanguinem vindicare cupientis, donec staret ante populum expositurus causam suam.
{20:9} These cities were established for all the sons of Israel, and for the new arrivals who were living among them, so that whoever had struck down a life unintentionally might flee to these, and not die at the hand of a close relative who desires to vindicate the blood that was shed, until he should stand before the people, in order to present his case.

[Iosue 21]
[Joshua 21]

{21:1} Accesseruntque principes familiarum Levi ad Eleazarum sacerdotem, et Iosue filium Nun, et ad duces cognationum per singulas tribus filiorum Israel:
{21:1} And the leaders of the families of Levi approached Eleazar, the priest, and Joshua, the son of Nun, and the rulers of the extended families of each of the tribes of the sons of Israel.

~ Israel was ordered by family relations, with smaller and larger groups according to how closely they were related, which might be rendered something like: family, extended family, tribe, Israel.

{21:2} locutique sunt ad eos in Silo Terræ Chanaan, atque dixerunt: Dominus præcepit per manum Moysi, ut darentur nobis urbes ad habitandum, et suburbana earum ad alenda iumenta.
{21:2} And they spoke to them at Shiloh, in the land of Canaan, and they said, “The Lord instructed, by the hand of Moses, that cities should be given to us as habitations, with their suburbs to nourish our cattle.”

{21:3} Dederuntque filii Israel de possessionibus suis iuxta imperium Domini, civitates et suburbana earum.
{21:3} And so the sons of Israel gave cities and their suburbs from their possessions, in accord with the order of the Lord.

{21:4} Egressaque est sors in familiam Caath filiorum Aaron sacerdotis de tribubus Iuda, et Simeon, et Beniamin, civitates tredecim:
{21:4} And the lot went out for the family of Kohath, of the sons of Aaron, the priest, from the tribes of Judah and Simeon and Benjamin: thirteen cities.

{21:5} Et reliquis filiorum Caath, id est, Levitis, qui superfuerant de tribubus Ephraim, et Dan, et dimidia tribu Manasse, civitates decem.
{21:5} And to the remainder of the sons of Kohath, that is, to the Levites who were left over, there went, from the tribes of Ephraim and Dan, and from the one half tribe of Manasseh, ten cities.

{21:6} Porro filii Gerson egressa est sors, ut acciperent de tribubus Issachar et Aser et Nephthali, dimidiaque tribu Manasse in Basan civitates numero tredecim.
{21:6} And next the lot went out to the sons of Gershon, so that they would receive, from the tribes of Issachar and Asher and Naphtali, and from the one half tribe of Manasseh at Bashan: the number of thirteen cities.

{21:7} Et filiis Merari per cognationes suas de tribubus Ruben et Gad et Zabulon urbes duodecim.
{21:7} And to the sons of Merari, by their families, from the tribes of Reuben and Gad and Zebulun, there went twelve cities.

{21:8} Dederuntque filii Israel Levitis civitates et suburbana earum, sicut præcepit Dominus per manum Moysi, singulis sorte tribuentes.
{21:8} And so the sons of Israel gave cities and their suburbs to the Levites, just as the Lord instructed by the hand of Moses, distributing to each by lot.

{21:9} De tribubus filiorum Iuda et Simeon dedit Iosue civitates: quarum ista sunt nomina,
{21:9} From the tribes of the sons of Judah and Simeon, Joshua gave cities, whose names are these:

{21:10} filiis Aaron per familias Caath Levitici generis (prima enim sors illis egressa est)
{21:10} to the sons of Aaron, of the families of Kohath of the stock of Levi, (for the first lot went out for them,)

{21:11} Cariatharbe patris Enac, quæ vocatur Hebron, in monte Iuda, et suburbana eius per circuitum.
{21:11} the city of Arba, the father of Anak, which is called Hebron, on the mountain of Judah, and its surrounding suburbs.

{21:12} Agros vero, et villas eius dederat Caleb filio Iephone ad possidendum.
{21:12} Yet truly, the fields and its villages he had given to Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, as a possession.

{21:13} Dedit ergo filiis Aaron sacerdotis Hebron confugii civitatem, ac suburbana eius: et Lobnam cum suburbanis suis:
{21:13} Therefore, he gave to the sons of Aaron the priest, Hebron as a city of refuge, as well as its suburbs, and Libnah, with its suburbs,

{21:14} et Iether, et Esthemo,
{21:14} and Jattir, and Eshtemoa,

{21:15} et Holon, et Dabir,
{21:15} and Holon, and Debir,

{21:16} et Ain, et Ieta, et Bethsames, cum suburbanis suis: civitates novem de tribubus, ut dictum est, duabus.
{21:16} and Ain, and Juttah, and Beth-shemesh, with their suburbs: nine cities from two tribes, just as has been said.

{21:17} De tribu autem filiorum Beniamin, Gabaon, et Gabæ,
{21:17} Then, from the tribe of the sons of Benjamin, he gave Gibeon, and Geba,

{21:18} et Anathoth et Almon, cum suburbanis suis: civitates quattuor.
{21:18} and Anathoth, and Almon, with their suburbs: four cities.

{21:19} Omnes simul civitates filiorum Aaron sacerdotis, tredecim, cum suburbanis suis.
{21:19} All the cities together of the sons of Aaron, the priest, were thirteen, with their suburbs.

{21:20} Reliquis vero per familias filiorum Caath Levitici generis hæc est data possessio.
{21:20} Yet truly, the remainder of the families of the sons of Kohath, of the stock of Levi, were given this possession:

{21:21} De tribu Ephraim urbes confugii, Sichem cum suburbanis suis in monte Ephraim, et Gazer
{21:21} from the tribe of Ephraim, Shechem, one of the cities of refuge, with its suburbs, on mount Ephraim, and Gezer,

{21:22} et Cibsaim et Beth horon, cum suburbanis suis, civitates quattuor.
{21:22} and Kibzaim, and Beth-horon, with their suburbs, four cities;

{21:23} De tribu quoque Dan, Eltheco et Gabathon,
{21:23} and from the tribe of Dan, Elteke and Gibbethon,

{21:24} et Aialon et Gethremmon, cum suburbanis suis, civitates quattuor.
{21:24} and Aijalon and Gath-Rimmon, with their suburbs, four cities;

{21:25} Porro de dimidia tribu Manasse, Thanach et Gethremmon, cum suburbanis suis civitates duæ.
{21:25} then, from the one half tribe of Manasseh, Taanach and Gath-Rimmon, with their suburbs, two cities.

{21:26} Omnes civitates decem, et suburbana earum, datæ sunt filiis Caath inferioris gradus.
{21:26} All the cities were ten, with their suburbs; these were given to the sons of Kohath, of the lesser degree.

{21:27} Filiis quoque Gerson Levitici generis dedit de dimidia tribu Manasse confugii civitates, Gaulon in Basan, et Bosram, cum suburbanis suis, civitates duas.
{21:27} Likewise, to the sons of Gershon, of the stock of Levi, from the one half tribe of Manasseh, went Golan in Bashan, one of the cities of refuge, and Bosra, with their suburbs, two cities;

{21:28} Porro de tribu Issachar, Cesion, et Dabereth,
{21:28} also, from the tribe of Issachar, Kishion, and Daberath,

{21:29} et Iaramoth, et Engannim, cum suburbanis suis, civitates quattuor.
{21:29} and Jarmuth, and Engannim, with their suburbs, four cities;

{21:30} De tribu autem Aser, Masal et Abdon,
{21:30} then, from the tribe of Asher, Mishal and Abdon,

{21:31} et Helcath, et Rohob, cum suburbanis suis, civitates quattuor.
{21:31} and Helkath and Rehob, with their suburbs, four cities;

{21:32} De tribu quoque Nephthali civitates confugii, Cedes in Galilæa, et Hammoth Dor, et Carthan, cum suburbanis suis, civitates tres.
{21:32} likewise, from the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh in Galilee, one of the cities of refuge, and Hammoth-Dor, and Kartan, with their suburbs, three cities.

{21:33} Omnes urbes familiarum Gerson, tredecim, cum suburbanis suis.
{21:33} All the cities of the families of Gershon were thirteen, with their suburbs.

{21:34} Filiis autem Merari Levitis inferioris gradus per familias suas data est de tribu Zabulon, Iecnam et Cartha
{21:34} Then, to the sons of Merari, Levites of the lesser degree, by their families, were given, from the tribe of Zebulun, Jokneam and Kartah,

{21:35} et Damna et Naalol, civitates quattuor cum suburbanis suis.
{21:35} and Dimnah and Nahalal, four cities with their suburbs;

{21:36} De tribu Ruben ultra Iordanem contra Iericho civitates refugii, Bosor in solitudine, Misor et Iaser et Iethson et Mephaath, civitates quattuor cum suburbanis suis.
{21:36} from the tribe of Reuben, beyond the Jordan, opposite Jericho, Bezer in the wilderness, one of the cities of refuge, Misor and Jazer, and Jethson and Mephaath, four cities with their suburbs;

{21:37} De tribu Gad civitates confugii, Ramoth in Galaad, et Manaim et Hesebon et Iazer, civitates quattuor cum suburbanis suis.
{21:37} from the tribe of Gad, Ramoth of Gilead, one of the cities of refuge, and Mahanaim and Heshbon and Jazer, four cities with their suburbs.

{21:38} Omnes urbes filiorum Merari per familias et cognationes suas, duodecim.
{21:38} All the cities of the sons of Merari, by their families and extended families, were twelve.

{21:39} Itaque civitates universæ Levitarum in medio possessionis filiorum Israel fuerunt quadragintaocto
{21:39} And so all the cities of the Levites, in the midst of the possession of the sons of Israel, were forty-eight,

{21:40} cum suburbanis suis, singulæ per familias distributæ.
{21:40} with their suburbs, each distributed by families.

{21:41} Deditque Dominus Deus Israeli omnem Terram, quam traditurum se patribus eorum iuraverat: et possederunt illam, atque habitaverunt in ea.
{21:41} And the Lord God gave to Israel all the land that he had sworn he would deliver to their fathers. And they possessed it, and they lived in it.

{21:42} Dataque est ab eo pax in omnes per circuitum nationes: nullusque eis hostium resistere ausus est, sed cuncti in eorum ditionem redacti sunt.
{21:42} And he gave them peace with all the surrounding nations. And none of their enemies dared to stand against them; instead, they were brought under their sovereignty.

{21:43} Ne unum quidem verbum, quod illis præstiturum se esse promiserat, irritum fuit, sed rebus expleta sunt omnia.
{21:43} Indeed, not so much as one word that he had promised to provide for them was left empty; instead, everything was fulfilled.

[Iosue 22]
[Joshua 22]

{22:1} Eodem tempore vocavit Iosue Rubenitas, et Gaditas, et dimidiam tribum Manasse,
{22:1} In the same time, Joshua called the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the one half tribe of Manasseh.

{22:2} dixitque ad eos: Fecistis omnia quæ præcepit vobis Moyses famulus Domini: mihi quoque in omnibus obedistis,
{22:2} And he said to them: “You have done all that Moses, the servant of the Lord, instructed you. You have also obeyed me in all things.

{22:3} nec reliquistis fratres vestros longo tempore, usque in præsentem diem, custodientes imperium Domini Dei vestri.
{22:3} Neither have you forsaken your brothers during this long time, even to the present day, keeping the orders of the Lord your God.

{22:4} Quia igitur dedit Dominus Deus vester fratribus vestris quietem et pacem, sicut pollicitus est: revertimini, et ite in tabernacula vestra, et in terram possessionis, quam tradidit vobis Moyses famulus Domini trans Iordanem:
{22:4} Therefore, since the Lord your God has given your brothers peace and quiet, just as he promised: return, and go into your tents and into the land of your possession, which Moses, the servant of the Lord, delivered to you beyond the Jordan.

{22:5} ita dumtaxat, ut custodiatis attente, et opere compleatis mandatum et legem quam præcepit vobis Moyses famulus Domini, ut diligatis Dominum Deum vestrum, et ambuletis in omnibus viis eius, et observetis mandata illius, adhæreatisque ei, ac serviatis in omni corde, et in omni anima vestra.
{22:5} And may you continue to observe attentively, and to work to fulfill, the commandment and the law that Moses, the servant of the Lord, instructed to you, so that you may love the Lord your God, and walk in all his ways, and keep all his commandments, and cling to him, and serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.”

{22:6} Benedixitque eis Iosue, et dimisit eos. Qui reversi sunt in tabernacula sua.
{22:6} And Joshua blessed them, and he sent them away. And they returned to their tents.

{22:7} Dimidiæ autem tribui Manasse possessionem Moyses dederat in Basan: et idcirco mediæ, quæ superfuit, dedit Iosue sortem inter ceteros fratres suos trans Iordanem ad Occidentalem plagam. Cumque dimitteret eos in tabernacula sua, et benedixisset eis,
{22:7} Now to the one half tribe of Manasseh, Moses had given a possession in Bashan. And therefore, to the one half that was left over, Joshua gave a lot among the remainder of their brothers across the Jordan, in the western region. And when he had blessed them and dismissed them to their tents,

{22:8} dixit ad eos: In multa substantia atque divitiis revertimini ad sedes vestras, cum argento et auro, ære ac ferro, et veste multiplici: dividite prædam hostium cum fratribus vestris.
{22:8} he said to them: “Return to your settlements with much substance and wealth, with silver and gold, brass and iron, and a multitude of garments. Divide the spoils of your enemies with your brothers.”

{22:9} Reversique sunt, et abierunt filii Ruben, et filii Gad, et dimidia tribus Manasse, a filiis Israel de Silo, quæ sita est in Chanaan, ut intrarent Galaad Terram possessionis suæ, quam obtinuerant iuxta imperium Domini in manu Moysi.
{22:9} And the sons of Reuben, and the sons of Gad, and the one half tribe of Manasseh returned, and they went away from the sons of Israel at Shiloh, which is situated in Canaan, so that they might enter into Gilead, the land of their possession, which they had obtained according to the order of the Lord, by the hand of Moses.

{22:10} Cumque venissent ad tumulos Iordanis in Terram Chanaan, ædificaverunt iuxta Iordanem altare infinitæ magnitudinis.
{22:10} And when they had arrived at the hills of the Jordan in the land of Canaan, they built an altar of immense magnitude beside the Jordan.

{22:11} Quod cum audissent filii Israel, et ad eos certi nuncii detulissent ædificasse filios Ruben, et Gad, et dimidiæ tribus Manasse, altare in Terra Chanaan, super Iordanis tumulos, contra filios Israel:
{22:11} And when the sons of Israel had heard of it, and certain messengers had reported to them that the sons of Reuben, and of Gad, and of the one half tribe of Manasseh had built an altar in the land of Canaan, upon the hills of the Jordan, facing the sons of Israel,

{22:12} convenerunt omnes in Silo, ut ascenderent, et dimicarent contra eos.
{22:12} they all assembled at Shiloh, so that they might go up and battle against them.

{22:13} Et interim miserunt ad illos in Terram Galaad Phinees filium Eleazari sacerdotis,
{22:13} And in the interim, they sent to them, in the land of Gilead, Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the priest,

{22:14} et decem principes cum eo, singulos de singulis tribubus.
{22:14} and ten leaders with him, one from each tribe.

{22:15} Qui venerunt ad filios Ruben, et Gad, et dimidiæ tribus Manasse in Terram Galaad, dixeruntque ad eos:
{22:15} And they went to the sons of Reuben, and of Gad, and of the one half tribe of Manasseh, in the land of Gilead, and they said to them:

{22:16} Hæc mandat omnis populus Domini: Quæ est ista transgressio? Cur reliquistis Dominum Deum Israel, ædificantes altare sacrilegum, et a cultu illius recedentes?
{22:16} “All the people of the Lord declare this: What is this transgression? Why have you forsaken the Lord, the God of Israel, by building a sacrilegious altar, and by withdrawing from the worship of him?

{22:17} An parum vobis est quod peccastis in Beelphegor, et usque in præsentem diem macula huius sceleris in nobis permanet? Multique de populo corruerunt.
{22:17} Is it a small thing to you that you have sinned with Baal of Peor, and that the stain of that crime continues among us, even to the present day? And many of the people have fallen.

{22:18} Et vos hodie reliquistis Dominum, et cras in universum Israel ira eius desæviet.
{22:18} And yet you have forsaken the Lord today, and tomorrow his wrath will rage against all of Israel.

{22:19} Quod si putatis immundam esse terram possessionis vestræ, transite ad Terram, in qua tabernaculum Domini est, et habitate inter nos: tantum ut a Domino, et a nostro consortio non recedatis, ædificato altari præter altare Domini Dei nostri.
{22:19} But if you consider the land of your possession to be unclean, cross over to the land in which is the tabernacle of the Lord, and live among us. But do not withdraw from the Lord, and from our fellowship, by building an altar contrary to the altar of the Lord our God.

{22:20} Nonne Achan filius Zare præteriit mandatum Domini, et super omnem populum Israel ira eius incubuit? Et ille erat unus homo, atque utinam solum periisset in scelere suo.
{22:20} Did not Achan, the son of Zerah, go against the commandment of the Lord, and so his wrath was laid over all the people of Israel? And he was only one man. If only he had perished in his wickedness alone!”

{22:21} Responderuntque filii Ruben et Gad, et dimidia tribus Manasse principibus legationis Israel:
{22:21} And the sons of Reuben, and of Gad, and of the one half tribe of Manasseh responded to the leaders of the delegation from Israel:

{22:22} Fortissimus Deus Dominus, Fortissimus Deus Dominus, ipse novit, et Israel simul intelliget: si prævaricationis animo, hoc altare construximus, non custodiat nos, sed puniat nos in præsenti:
{22:22} “The Lord, the almighty God, the Lord, the almighty God, he knows, and also Israel will understand: If we have constructed this altar with intent of transgression, let him not preserve us, but instead punish us immediately.

{22:23} et si ea mente fecimus ut holocausta, et sacrificium, et pacificas victimas super eo imponeremus, ipse quærat et iudicet:
{22:23} And if we have acted with a mind so that we might present upon it holocausts, and sacrifice, and victims of peace offerings, let him inquire and judge.

{22:24} et non ea magis cogitatione atque tractatu, ut diceremus: Cras dicent filii vestri filiis nostris: Quid vobis et Domino Deo Israel?
{22:24} Instead, we have acted with this greater thought and design, that we would say: Tomorrow your sons will say to our sons: ‘What is there between you and the Lord, the God of Israel?

{22:25} Terminum posuit Dominus inter nos et vos, o filii Ruben, et filii Gad, Iordanem fluvium: et idcirco partem non habetis in Domino. Et per hanc occasionem avertent filii vestri filios nostros a timore Domini. Putavimus itaque melius,
{22:25} The Lord has stationed the river Jordan as the border between us and you, O sons of Reuben, O sons of Gad. And therefore, you have no part in the Lord.’ And by this occasion, your sons would turn away our sons from the fear of the Lord. And so we sought something better,

{22:26} et diximus: Extruamus nobis altare, non in holocausta, neque ad victimas offerendas,
{22:26} and we said: Let us build us an altar, not for holocausts, and not to offer victims,

{22:27} sed in testimonium inter nos et vos, et sobolem nostram vestramque progeniem, ut serviamus Domino, et iuris nostri sit offerre et holocausta, et victimas, et pacificas hostias: et nequaquam dicant cras filii vestri filiis nostris: Non est vobis pars in Domino.
{22:27} but as a testimony between us and you, and between our descendants and your progeny, so that we may serve the Lord, and so that it may be our right to offer holocausts, and victims, and peace offerings, and so that tomorrow your sons may not say to our sons: ‘You have no part in the Lord.’

{22:28} Quod si voluerint dicere, respondebunt eis: Ecce altare Domini, quod fecerunt patres nostri, non in holocausta, neque in sacrificium, sed in testimonium nostrum ac vestrum.
{22:28} And if they decide to say this, they shall respond to them: ‘Behold, the altar of the Lord, which our fathers made, not for holocausts, and not for sacrifice, but instead as a testimony between us and you.’

{22:29} Absit a nobis hoc scelus ut recedamus a Domino, et eius vestigia relinquamus, extructo altari ad holocausta, et sacrificia, et victimas offerendas, præter altare Domini Dei nostri, quod extructum est ante tabernaculum eius.
{22:29} May this wickedness be far from us, such that we would withdraw from the Lord, and would forsake his paths, by constructing an altar to offer holocausts, and sacrifices, and victims, contrary to the altar of the Lord our God, which was built before his tabernacle.”

{22:30} Quibus auditis, Phinees sacerdos, et principes legationis Israel, qui erant cum eo, placati sunt: et verba filiorum Ruben, et Gad, et dimidiæ tribus Manasse, libentissime susceperunt.
{22:30} And when Phinehas, the priest, and the leaders of the delegation who were with him, had heard this, they were pleased. And they accepted very willingly the words of the sons of Reuben, and of Gad, and of the one half tribe of Manasseh.

{22:31} Dixtque Phinees filius Eleazari sacerdos ad eos: Nunc scimus quod nobiscum sit Dominus, quoniam alieni estis a prævaricatione hac, et liberastis filios Israel de manu Domini.
{22:31} And Phinehas, the priest, the son of Eleazar, said to them: “Now we know that the Lord is with us. For you are a stranger to this transgression. And so you have freed the sons of Israel from the hand of the Lord.”

{22:32} Reversusque est cum principibus a filiis Ruben et Gad de Terra Galaad, finium Chanaan ad filios Israel, et retulit eis.
{22:32} And he returned with the leaders, from the sons of Reuben and of Gad, out of the land of Gilead, into the parts of Canaan, to the sons of Israel. And he reported to them.

{22:33} Placuitque sermo cunctis audientibus. Et laudaverunt Deum filii Israel, et nequaquam ultra dixerunt, ut ascenderent contra eos, atque pugnarent, et delerent Terram possessionis eorum.
{22:33} And the word pleased all who heard it. And the sons of Israel praised God, and they no longer said that they would go up against them, and fight, and destroy the land of their possession.

{22:34} Vocaveruntque filii Ruben, et filii Gad altare, quod extruxerant, Testimonium nostrum, quod Dominus ipse sit Deus.
{22:34} And the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad called the altar that they had built: Our testimony that the Lord himself is God.

[Iosue 23]
[Joshua 23]

{23:1} Evoluto autem multo tempore, postquam pacem dederat Dominus Israeli, subiectis in gyro nationibus universis, et Iosue iam longævo, et persenilis ætatis:
{23:1} Now a long time passed, after the Lord had given peace to Israel by subjecting all the surrounding nations. And Joshua was now old and very advanced in age.

{23:2} vocavit Iosue omnem Israelem, maioresque natu, et principes ac duces, et magistros, dixitque ad eos: Ego senui, et progressioris ætatis sum:
{23:2} Joshua called all of Israel, and those greater by birth, and the leaders and rulers and teachers, and he said to them: “I am elderly and advanced in age.

{23:3} vosque cernitis omnia, quæ fecerit Dominus Deus vester cunctis per circuitum nationibus, quo modo pro vobis ipse pugnaverit:
{23:3} And you yourselves discern all that the Lord your God has done with all the surrounding nations, in what manner he himself has fought for you.

{23:4} et nunc quia vobis sorte divisit omnem Terram, ab Orientali parte Iordanis usque ad mare magnum, multæque adhuc supersunt nationes:
{23:4} And now, since he has divided to you by lot all the land, from the eastern part of the Jordan even to the great sea, and yet many nations still remain,

{23:5} Dominus Deus vester disperdet eas et auferet a facie vestra, et possidebitis Terram, sicut vobis pollicitus est.
{23:5} the Lord your God will destroy them, and he will take them away before your face, and you shall possess the land, just as he has promised you.

{23:6} Tantum confortamini, et estote soliciti, ut custodiatis cuncta quæ scripta sunt in volumine legis Moysi: et non declinetis ab eis neque ad dexteram neque ad sinistram:
{23:6} Even so, be strengthened and be careful that you observe all the things that have been written in the book of the law of Moses, and that you do not turn aside from them, neither to the right, nor to the left.

{23:7} ne postquam intraveritis ad Gentes, quæ inter vos futuræ sunt, iuretis in nomine deorum earum, et serviatis eis, et adoretis illos:
{23:7} Otherwise, after you have entered to the Gentiles, who will be among you in the future, you might swear by the name of their gods, and serve them, and adore them.

{23:8} sed adhæreatis Domino Deo vestro: quod fecistis usque in diem hanc.
{23:8} Instead, cling to the Lord your God, just as you have done even to this day.

{23:9} Et tunc auferet Dominus Deus in conspectu vestro gentes magnas et robustissimas, et nullus vobis resistere poterit.
{23:9} And then the Lord God will take away, in your sight, nations that are great and very robust, and no one will be able to withstand you.

{23:10} Unus e vobis persequetur hostium mille viros: quia Dominus Deus vester pro vobis ipse pugnabit, sicut pollicitus est.
{23:10} One of you shall pursue a thousand men of the enemies. For the Lord your God himself will fight on your behalf, just as he promised.

{23:11} Hoc tantum diligentissime præcavete, ut diligatis Dominum Deum vestrum.
{23:11} Even so, be very diligent and careful in this: that you love the Lord your God.

{23:12} Quod si volueritis gentium harum, quæ inter vos habitant, erroribus adhærere, et cum eis miscere connubia, atque amicitias copulare:
{23:12} But if you choose to cling to the errors of these nations that live among you, and to mix with them by marriage, and to join with them by friendship,

{23:13} iam nunc scitote quod Dominus Deus vester non eas deleat ante faciem vestram, sed sint vobis in foveam ac laqueum, et offendiculum ex latere vestro, et sudes in oculis vestris, donec vos auferat atque disperdat de Terra hac optima, quam tradidit vobis.
{23:13} even now, know this: that the Lord your God will not wipe them away before your face. Instead, they shall be a pit and a snare to you, and a stumbling block at your side, and stakes in your eyes, until he takes you away and scatters you from this excellent land, which he has delivered to you.

{23:14} En ego hodie ingredior viam universæ terræ, et toto animo cognoscetis quod de omnibus verbis, quæ se Dominus præstiturum vobis esse pollicitus est, unum non præterierit incassum.
{23:14} Lo, today I am entering the way of the entire earth, and you shall know with all your mind that, out of all the words that the Lord has promised to fulfill for you, not one will pass by unfulfilled.

~ The way of the entire earth is death, since all living things die.

{23:15} Sicut ergo implevit opere quod promisit, et prospera cuncta venerunt: sic adducet super vos quidquid malorum comminatus est, donec vos auferat atque disperdat de Terra hac optima, quam tradidit vobis,
{23:15} Therefore, just as he has fulfilled in deed what he has promised, and all prosperous things have arrived, so will he bring upon you whatever evils were threatened, until he takes you away and scatters you from this excellent land, which he has delivered to you,

{23:16} eo quod præterieritis pactum Domini Dei vestri, quod pepigit vobiscum, et servieritis diis alienis, ad adoraveritis eos: cito atque velociter consurget in vos furor Domini, et auferemini ab hac Terra optima, quam tradidit vobis.
{23:16} when you will have transgressed the covenant of the Lord your God, which he has formed with you, and will have served strange gods, and will have adored them. And then the fury of the Lord will rise up quickly and speedily against you, and you will be taken away from this excellent land, which he has delivered to you.”

[Iosue 24]
[Joshua 24]

{24:1} Congregavitque Iosue omnes tribus Israel in Sichem, et vocavit maiores natu, ac principes, et iudices, et magistros: steteruntque in conspectu Domini:
{24:1} And Joshua gathered together all the tribes of Israel at Shechem, and he called those greater by birth, and the leaders and judges and teachers. And they stood in the sight of the Lord.

{24:2} et ad populum sic locutus est: Hæc dicit Dominus Deus Israel: Trans fluvium habitaverunt patres vestri ab initio, Thare pater Abraham, et Nachor: servieruntque diis alienis.
{24:2} And he spoke to the people in this way: “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: ‘Your fathers lived, in the beginning, across the river: Terah, the father of Abraham, and Nahor. And they served strange gods.

{24:3} Tuli ergo patrem vestrum Abraham de Mesopotamiæ finibus: et adduxi eum in Terram Chanaan: multiplicavique semen eius,
{24:3} Then I brought your father Abraham from the parts of Mesopotamia, and I led him into the land of Canaan. And I multiplied his offspring,

{24:4} et dedi ei Isaac: illique rursum dedi Iacob et Esau. E quibus, Esau dedi montem Seir ad possidendum: Iacob vero, et filii eius descenderunt in Ægyptum.
{24:4} and I gave to him Isaac. And to him, I gave again Jacob and Esau. And I gave mount Seir to Esau as a possession. Yet truly, Jacob and his sons descended into Egypt.

{24:5} Misique Moysen et Aaron, et percussi Ægyptum multis signis atque portentis.
{24:5} And I sent Moses and Aaron, and I struck Egypt with many signs and portents.

{24:6} Eduxique vos et patres vestros de Ægypto, et venistis ad mare: persecutique sunt Ægyptii patres vestros cum curribus et equitatu, usque ad Mare Rubrum.
{24:6} And I led you and your fathers away from Egypt, and you arrived at the sea. And the Egyptians pursued your fathers with chariots and horsemen, as far as the Red Sea.

{24:7} Clamaverunt autem ad Dominum filii Israel: qui posuit tenebras inter vos et Ægyptios, et adduxit super eos mare, et operuit eos. Viderunt oculi vestri cuncta quæ in Ægypto fecerim, et habitastis in solitudine multo tempore:
{24:7} Then the sons of Israel cried out to the Lord. And he stationed a darkness between you and the Egyptians, and he led the sea over them, and he covered them. Your eyes saw all that I did in Egypt, and you lived in the wilderness for a long time.

{24:8} et introduxi vos in Terram Amorrhæi, qui habitabat trans Iordanem. Cumque pugnarent contra vos, tradidi eos in manus vestras, et possedistis Terram eorum, atque interfecistis eos.
{24:8} And I led you into the land of the Amorite, who was living beyond the Jordan. And when they fought against you, I delivered them into your hands, and you possessed their land, and you put them to death.

{24:9} Surrexit autem Balac filius Sephor rex Moab, et pugnavit contra Israelem. Misitque et vocavit Balaam filium Beor, ut malediceret vobis:
{24:9} Then Balak, the son of Zippor, the king of Moab, rose up and fought against Israel. And he sent and called for Balaam, the son of Beor, so that he might curse you.

{24:10} et ego nolui audire eum, sed econtrario per illum benedixi vobis, et liberavi vos de manu eius.
{24:10} And I was not willing to listen to him, but on the contrary, I blessed you through him, and I freed you from his hand.

{24:11} Transistisque Iordanem, et venistis ad Iericho. Pugnaveruntque contra vos viri civitatis eius, Amorrhæus, et Pherezæus, et Chananæus, et Hethæus, et Gergezæus, et Hevæus, et Iebusæus: et tradidi illos in manus vestras.
{24:11} And you crossed over the Jordan, and you arrived at Jericho. And the men of that city fought against you: the Amorite, and the Perizzite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Girgashite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite. And I delivered them into your hands.

{24:12} Misique ante vos crabrones: et eieci eos de locis suis, duos reges Amorrhæorum, non in gladio nec in arcu tuo.
{24:12} And I sent wasps before you. And I drove them from their places, the two kings of the Amorites, but not by your sword, and not by your bow.

{24:13} Dedique vobis Terram, in qua non laborastis, et urbes quas non ædificastis, ut habitaretis in eis: vineas et oliveta, quæ non plantastis.
{24:13} And I gave you a land, in which you did not labor, and cities, which you did not build, so that you might live in them, and vineyards and olive groves, which you did not plant.’

{24:14} Nunc ergo timete Dominum, et servite ei perfecto corde atque verissimo: et auferte deos, quibus servierunt patres vestri in Mesopotamia et in Ægypto, ac servite Domino.
{24:14} Now therefore, fear the Lord, and serve him with a perfect and very sincere heart. And take away the gods that your fathers served in Mesopotamia and in Egypt, and serve the Lord.

{24:15} Sin autem malum vobis videtur ut Domino serviatis, optio vobis datur: eligite hodie quod placet, cui servire potissimum debeatis, utrum diis, quibus servierunt patres vestri in Mesopotamia, an diis Amorrhæorum, in quorum Terra habitatis: ego autem et domus mea serviemus Domino.
{24:15} But if it seems evil to you that you would serve the Lord, a choice is given to you. Choose today what pleases you, and whom you ought to serve above all else, either the gods that your fathers served in Mesopotamia, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you live: but as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.”

{24:16} Responditque populus, et ait: Absit a nobis ut relinquamus Dominum, et serviamus diis alienis.
{24:16} And the people responded, and they said: “Far be it from us that we would forsake the Lord, and serve foreign gods.

{24:17} Dominus Deus noster ipse eduxit nos, et patres nostros de Terra Ægypti, de domo servitutis: fecitque videntibus nobis signa ingentia, et custodivit nos in omni via, per quam ambulavimus, et in cunctis populis, per quos transivimus.
{24:17} The Lord our God himself led us and our fathers away from the land of Egypt, from the house of servitude. And he accomplished immense signs in our sight, and he preserved us along the entire way by which we journeyed, and among all the people through whom we passed.

{24:18} Et eiecit universas gentes, Amorrhæum habitatorem Terræ, quam nos intravimus. Serviemus igitur Domino, quia ipse est Deus noster.
{24:18} And he cast out all the nations, the Amorite, the inhabitant of the land that we entered. And so, we will serve the Lord, for he is our God.”

{24:19} Dixitque Iosue ad populum: Non poteritis servire Domino: Deus enim sanctus, et fortis æmulator est, nec ignoscet sceleribus vestris atque peccatis.
{24:19} And Joshua said to the people: “You will not be able to serve the Lord. For he is a holy and powerful God, and he is jealous, and he will not ignore your wickedness and sins.

{24:20} Si dimiseritis Dominum, et servieritis diis alienis, convertet se, et affliget vos, atque subvertet postquam vobis præstiterit bona.
{24:20} If you leave behind the Lord, and you serve foreign gods, he will turn himself, and he will afflict you, and he will overthrow you, after all the good that he has offered to you.”

{24:21} Dixitque populus ad Iosue: Nequaquam ita ut loqueris, erit, sed Domino serviemus.
{24:21} And the people said to Joshua, “By no means will it be as you are saying, but we will serve the Lord.”

{24:22} Et Iosue ad populum, Testes, inquit, vos estis, quia ipsi elegeritis vobis Dominum ut serviatis ei. Responderuntque: Testes.
{24:22} And Joshua said to the people, “You yourselves are witnesses, that you have chosen the Lord so that you may serve him.” And they answered, “We are witnesses.”

{24:23} Nunc ergo, ait, auferte deos alienos de medio vestri, et inclinate corda vestra ad Dominum Deum Israel.
{24:23} “Now therefore,” he said, “take away strange gods from among yourselves, and incline your hearts to the Lord, the God of Israel.”

{24:24} Dixitque populus ad Iosue: Domino Deo nostro serviemus, et obedientes erimus præceptis eius.
{24:24} And the people said to Joshua, “We will serve the Lord our God, and we will be obedient to his precepts.”

{24:25} Percussit ergo Iosue in die illo fœdus, et proposuit populo præcepta atque iudicia in Sichem.
{24:25} Therefore, on that day, Joshua struck a covenant, and he set before the people at Shechem the precepts and the judgments.

{24:26} Scripsit quoque omnia verba hæc in volumine legis Domini: et tulit lapidem pergrandem, posuitque eum subter quercum, quæ erat in Sanctuario Domini:
{24:26} He also wrote all these things in the volume of the law of the Lord. And he took a very great stone, and he stationed it under the oak that was in the Sanctuary of the Lord.

{24:27} et dixit ad omnem populum: En lapis iste erit vobis in testimonium quod audierit omnia verba Domini, quæ locutus est vobis: ne forte postea negare velitis, et mentiri Domino Deo vestro.
{24:27} And he said to all the people, “Lo, this stone shall be to you as a testimony, which has heard all the words of the Lord that he has spoken to you, lest perhaps, afterward, you might choose to deny it, and to lie to the Lord your God.”

{24:28} Dimisitque populum, singulos in possessionem suam.
{24:28} And he dismissed the people, each one to their own possession.

{24:29} Et post hæc mortuus est Iosue filius Nun servus Domini, centum et decem annorum:
{24:29} And after these things, Joshua, the son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died, being one hundred and ten years old.

{24:30} sepelieruntque eum in finibus possessionis suæ in Thamnathsare, quæ est sita in monte Ephraim, a Septentrionali parte montis Gaas.
{24:30} And they buried him within the borders of his possession at Timnath-Serah, which is situated on mount Ephraim, before the northern side of mount Gaash.

{24:31} Servivitque Israel Domino cunctis diebus Iosue et seniorum, qui longo vixerunt tempore post Iosue, et qui noverunt omnia opera Domini quæ fecerat in Israel.
{24:31} And Israel served the Lord during all the days of Joshua, and of the elders who lived for a long time after Joshua, and who had known all the works of the Lord that he had accomplished in Israel.

{24:32} Ossa quoque Ioseph, quæ tulerant filii Israel de Ægypto, sepelierunt in Sichem, in parte agri, quem emerat Iacob a filiis Hemor patris Sichem, centum novellis ovibus, et fuit in possessionem filiorum Ioseph.
{24:32} And the bones of Joseph, which the sons of Israel had brought from Egypt, they buried at Shechem, in a portion of the field that Jacob had purchased from the sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem, for one hundred young female sheep, and so it was in the possession of the sons of Joseph.

{24:33} Eleazar quoque filius Aaron mortuus est: et sepelierunt eum in Gabaath Phinees filii eius, quæ data est ei in monte Ephraim.
{24:33} Likewise, Eleazar, the son of Aaron, died. And they buried him at Gibeah, which belongs to Phinehas, his son, and which was given to him on mount Ephraim.

The Sacred BibleThe Book of Joshua